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Poli Si- Topic 2

QuestionAnswer
What was one of the largest expansions of federal government and who was it ushered in by? The New Deal; President Roosevelt
Which branch is the most democratic? Legislative branch
Define redistricting the redrawing of congressional district boundaries within a state, is based on the reapportionment from the census
Define reapportionment the redistribution of house seats based on population shifts
How often does reapportionment happen? Every 10 years with the census
What is the term that refers to legislators' appropriations of funds for special projects located within their congressional district pork barrel
What is the term that refers to the practice of trading votes between members logrolling
What does incumbency refer to? the status of already holding office
What are the 5 incumbent advantages 1.Stronger name recognition 2.Easier access to media coverage 3.Campaign contributions 4.Casework 5.Franking
Define a joint committee bicameral committees composed of members of both the House & Senate
Who has the authority to make an Executive Agreement? Chief Diplomat
How long does an Executive Agreement stay in order? when the individuals of the party who made the agreement are in office
The comander-in-chief's job is not to declare war, but to - command the armed forces
PL107 is _________ _________ Statutory Authorization
Who has the authority to grant reprieves and pardons? President
What was the biggest reformation in government since Roosevelt's passing of the social security act and when did it occur? post 9/11 - the creation of homeland security
In Article 1, the legislature has ________ powers expressed
In Article 1, the legislature has expressed powers including which main 4 ones - 1.coin money 2.declare war 3.administer the post office 4.administer the armed forces
The President's (commander in chief) job is not to declare war, but to- command the armed forces
What is the process of recommending policy and initiatives for congressional consideration? Initiating policy
Veto legislation was passed by _________ Congress
Veto legislation is subject to override by _____ vote in both houses 2/3
What are the 5 Consitutional powers of the President? 1.Chief Legislator 2.Chief Administrator 3.Chief of State 4.Chief Diplomat 5.Commander-in-Chief
A standing committee is the first stop for __________ legislation
What is the committee called that has permanent committeesw with a defined legislative jurisdiction Standing Committees
What is the line of presidential succession (first 3) president, vice president, speaker of the house
Who holds the power in the House of Representatives? Speaker of the House
What is the 1st step to a bill becoming a law? a member of the house or senate formally proposes a bill
What is the 2nd step to a bill becoming a law? (after a member of the house or senate formally proposes a bill) committees (subgroups) review the bill
What is the 3rd step to a bill becoming a law? (after the subgroups review it) if the bill makes it out of committee, a majority of members in the house & senate must approve it
What is the 4th step to a bill becoming a law? (after majority of house & senate approve it) the conference committee reconciles the bill when different versions have passed in the house & senate
What is the 5th step to a bill becoming a law? (after hte conference comittee reconciles the bill) presidential approval- if the president signs the bill,it becomes a law. or he vetos it and the bill is killed.
What is the process by which Congress "checks" the executive branch to ensure that the laws Congress passes are being administered in keeping with legislators' intentions Oversight
The Necessary and Proper cause was also called the Elastic Clause because it increased the powers of congress beyond the language of the Constitution
Who holds the power in the Senate? Vice President
What are the 5 functions of Congress? 1.representation 2.policy making 3.oversight 4.agenda setting & civic engagement 5.managing societal conflict
What is the highest form of law? US Constitution
What are the 3 "special" Presidential powers? 1.executive orders 2.emergency powers 3.executive privelege
Who has the power to formally declare war? Congress
What type of court system does the US have? dual court system
Restraint or Activism?- views judiciary as least democratic branch restraint
Restraint or Activism?- unjust or unwise laws are not necessarily unconstitutional restraint
Restraint or Activism?- relies on original intent/strict contruction (reading the const. expressly as its written) restraint
Restraint or Activism?- views the Constitution as a living document activism
Restraint or Activism?- shapes Constitutional meaning to fit the needs of contemporary society activism
Restraint or Activism?- vigorously reviews the actions of other branches of government activism
Was Earl Warren a Restraintist or Activist? Activist
Your access and success in the courts is directly correlated to your _______ wealth
What is a law enacted by Congress or by state legislatures to deal with particular issues or problems, sometimes more detailed and comprehensive than the common law? statutes
What doctrine did Marbury v. Madison establish? judicial review
What are the 4 types of presidential power? 1.expressed 2.inherent 3.statutory 4.emergency
What powers define the rights specifically granted to the president in the Constitution? expressed
What powers define the rights that are part of the presdient's job inherent
What are the powers granted to the president by Congress? statutory
What powers are defined as having evolved over time and are granted to the president to do extraordinary things? emergency
Since 9/11, which presidential powers have greatly expanded? emergency
The Commander in chief shall take care that laws are executed is an example of which powers? expressed
When Thomas Jefferson engaged in the Louisiana Purchase he was exercising his __________ powers inherent
In 1921, Congress passed the Budget and Accounting Act, requiring the president to submit a budget to congress... which power is this expressing? statutory
What is Original Jurisdiction? the authority to hear a case for the first time
What is Appellate Jurisdiction? courts who hear cases on the appeal (view lower court findings)
Which branch can establish federal courts? Congress
What is the branch of government comprising courts and the judges who preside over them? Judiciary branch
What is the 1st step to impeachment? a majority of the House votes to impeach the president, they forward the charges againt the president (articles of impeachment) to the senate
What is the 2nd step to impeachment? the senate tries the president. the conviction for offenses determines the penalty
What type of jurisdiction does the United States District Court hve? Original Jurisdiction
What type of jurisdiction does the US Courts of Appeals have? Appellate Jurisdiction
What type of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have? both Appellate & Original
What is the "first" Federal court? US District Courts
What is the "second" Federal court? Courts of Appeals
What is the "third" Federal court? Supreme Court of the US
The US Courts of Appeals is also called a _________ court circuit
The Courts of Appeals comes from where? Federal district courts
The Courts of Appeals is based on - geographical regions
How many circuit courts are there? 12
The US District Courts hears cases on _________ _________ & _________ Federal crimes; bankrupcy
What are 4 examples of federal crimes? bank robbery, drug trafficking, murdering state official, mail fraud
The US District Courts are based on - geographical regions
How many District Courts are there? 94
What is the only court created by the Constitution? Supreme Court
The Supreme Court hears cases based on Original Jurisdiction involving- (3 things) 1.cases between 2 or more states 2.cases involving foreign ambassadors and other diplomats 3.cases involving a state and a citzen in another state
The US Supreme Court hears appeals at its own discretion from- (2 things) 1.lower Federal courts 2.highest State courts
What are the 4 major considerations made based upon selecting Federal court judges? 1.Judicial Comptence 2.Ideology 3.Representation of Demographic Groups 4.Political Considerations
Who nominates Federal Court judges? the president
Who confirms the presidents nomination for federal court judges? the Senate
What is the court of last resort? the US Supreme Court
Who are statutes written by? legislature
How many justices does the Supreme Court have? 9
What are "justices"? judges
Which 2 justices did Obama appoint? Sonia Sotomyor and Elena Kagan
The Supreme Court hears cases based on Appellate Jurisdiction, involving- hearing appeals at its own discretion from lower federal courts or highest state courts
Legislative branch is also called "________" Congress
the Legislative branch, also called "Congress," is a broad term referring to both the ________ & ________ House & Senate
Is the Legislative branch unicameral or bicameral? Bicameral
The House of Representatives is apportioned by ____________ population
The Senate is appportioned based on _______ ___________ equal representation
How many people are in the Senate from each state? 2
How many number of seats are there in the House? 435
When Congress gathers we call it a "___________ _________" Congressional Session
How many Congressional Sessions are there? 2
Which Congressional Session are we currently in 113th
What is the term defined by when a country spends more than it takes in in a single fiscal year deficit
What is the term defined by when the government collects more revenue than it spent in a single fiscal year surplus
A major external force that influences the legislative process is known as an ___________ _________ interest group
What are 3 of the customs & norms in the Senate 1.Specialization 2.Reciprocity 3.Civility
How often is there an election for House of Reps? every 2 years
What are the 2 unique powers of the House of Representatives? 1.Originate Tax Bills 2.Bring Impeachment Charges
Who is the Speaker of the House? John Boehner
How many members are there in the Senate? 100
How much of the Senate is up for election every 2 years? 1/3
How long is a term in the Senate? 6 years
In the House of Representatives, constituencies are based on- congressional districts
In the Senate, constituencies are based on- statess
What are the 3 unique powers of the Senate 1.Advice and consent to ratify treaties by 2/3 vote 2.Confirm appointments 3.Try impeachment charges
What is the term defined by the policy of courts to abide by principles established by decisions in earlier cases (Precedents) stare decisis
What is the veto required to pass law called? veto legislation
Veto legislation is subject to override by what 2/3 vote in both houses
What role in Congress appoints members to committees, assigns legislation to committee, and schedules votes? Speaker of the House
Who is the Majority Leader of the House? Eric Cantor
What role in the House is generally in charge of keeping the party members in line? Majority Whip
Who is the Majority Whip in the House? Kevin McCarthy
Who is the Minority Leader in the House? Nancy Pelosi
Who is the Minority Whip in the House? Steny Hoyer
Who is the "president" of the Senate and what is their function? Joe Biden; to break a tie in the Senate
Who is the President Pro Temp in the Senate? Patrick Leahy
Who is the Majority Leader in the Senate? Harry Reid
What role in the Senate is similar to the Speaker of the House? Majority Leader
Who is the Majority Whip in the Senate? Mitch McConnell
Who is the Minority Whip in the Senate? John Cornyn
Rules Committee exists only in the ________ House
What are the 3 Formal qualifications for Presidency? 1.Natural born citizen 2.At least 35 3.14 prior years of US Residency (not consecutive)
When does the US Supreme Court hear a case? When it concerns a federal constitutional question or federal law is involved
Who has the force of law? Administrative Rule
The Elastic Clause (Neccessary & Proper) has been responsible for Congress's ability to legislate in many matters not described in the enumerated powers. List 3 examples of this: 1.reforming health care 2.powers of law enforcements investegating terrorism 3.regulating stem cell research
Which Supreme Court decision granted the Court broad policy making authority? Marbury v. Madison
Which branch is the most representative? legislative
Created by: devanseiler