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Georgian Period

Irish georgian architecture vocabulary

TermDefinition
Adam style 18th-century neo classical style of interior design, stucco and architecture, as practiced by the three Adam brothers from Scotland
Asymmetrical Unbalanced
Cantilevered a bracket for supporting a balcony or cornice
Capital was often a stylized representation of natural forms, such as animal horns or plant leaves.
Portico Porch with supporting columns
Classical Orders Order of design, Ways of assembling supporting columns
Classical relating or belonging to the ancient Greeks or Romans or their cultures, 5th-4th BC extends from a base at the bottom to a shaft in the middle and a capital at the top.
Colonnades a row of columns, usually supporting a roof or arches
Column. extends from a base at the bottom to a shaft in the middle and a capital at the top.
Compartmental Partitioned space, usually part of something larger
Corinthian Capital Ancient Greece reference, one of the five classical orders- slender, deep capital with a round bell decorated with leaves and a square abacus.two rows of leaves, sheaths and scrolls reminiscent of a goblet surrounded by leaves
Doric Capital relating to or built in a style of architecture characterized by fluted columns with a rounded moulding at the top and no base
Elaborate having many different parts or a lot of detail, and organized in a complicated way
Entablature part of the building above the coloums, in classical architecture, the section of a structure that lies between the columns and the roof. The architrave (lowest part),the frieze (middle)and the cornice (top) part of the building above the coloums, in c
Facades the front of a building, especially an imposing or decorative one.
Fanlight a window over a door or another window, especially one having the form of a semicircle or of half an ellipse
Geometric Shapes relating to a period of ancient Greek culture, between 900 and 700 bc, noted for its decorative use of simple lines and shapes, especially on pottery
High Relief a version of relief sculpture in which the carving projects from the background to more than half its natural depth.
Ionic Capital relating to or typical of the order of architecture characterized by fluted columns and capitals with spiral scroll-shaped ornaments, It's easy to recognize because of the two scrolls, called volutes, on its capital. The volutes may have been based on nau
Low Relief sculpture in which the design projects slightly from a flat background, but without any part being totally detached from the background.
Motif a repeated design, shape, or pattern
Mould a container that gives a shape to a molten or liquid substance poured into it to harden
Neo Classical Revival of classical art forms, characterized by the simple, symmetrical forms of ancient Greek and Roman art
Ornate having elaborate or excessive decoration
Palladian typical of or similar to the classical architectural style developed by Andrea Palladio in the 16th century
Pavilion symmetrical structures at the end of wings attached to a main central block, in the classical styles.
Piazza An arcade or covered walk or gallery, as around a public square or in front of a building
Pilaster a shallow rectangular feature projecting from a wall, having a capital and base and usually imitating the form of a column
Portico Porch or entrance supported by columns
Proportion and Balance Classical influence/ principles
Putti Cherub style decoration
Rococo a style of architecture and the decorative arts characterized by intricate ornamentation that was popular throughout Europe in the early 18th century, can include swirling ornaments
Stucco designs Shells, garlands, Chinese Dragons and masks
Stucco plaster used for surfacing interior or exterior walls, often used in association with classical mouldings. Often picked out with colour.
Stuccodores Craftmen in Stucco/ plaster
Symmetrical in which parts on either side of a central dividing line correspond to each other or are identical to each other
The Georgian Period 1700’s-1800’s, a period of peace and prosperity
Typical window style Rectangular multi pane windows
Uniformity always the same in quality, degree, character, or manner
Pediment A triangular area on the face of a building
Created by: emw