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Cell structure

Simple cell structure and function

TermDescription
Cell Membrane function Mechanical barrier, has chemical receptor sites.
Cytosol Gel like mass containing enzymes, ribosomes, transport vesicles and various filaments and microtubules.
Endoplasmic reticulum Forms new cell membrane and makes secretory products
Ribosome Makes protein
Golgi complex Modifies packages, and distributes proteins
Lysosomes Digestive system of cell that destroys unwanted material
Peroxisomes Carries out detoxification activites
Mitochondria Energy production center, produces chemical energy ATP
Cilia Motile extensions of a ell's surface
Fagella A whiplike locomotor organelle with a consistent structure(sperm)
Microtubules Cytoplasmic element that is related to movement of the structures within the cytoplasm. Causes flagella to move.
Diffusion Molecular movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. Like people in an elevator
Osmosis Movement of water molecules from an area of high concentration of water molecules to an area of low concentration of water molecules. Like adding sand to water, pull more water to balance other moecules
Carrier mediated transport Riquire special carrier proteins in the membrane to transport the molecules into or out of the cell. Need ATP to open the 'lid'.
Vesicular transport Little bags of vesicles bind with or are dirived from the membrane to transport large molecules across the membrane.
Glycolysis Can occur withourt he presence of oxygen. Anaerobic energy production, produces 2 ATP molecules.
Kreb's cycle Requires oxygen to proceed - Aerobic energy production, produces 36 ATP molecules.
Created by: saypleaseamy