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13 Colonies

Colonial Life in the 13 colonies and other related stuff

subsistence farming Growing enough food for the family, with a little extra for trading.
Why were the New England colonies founded at first? for religious regions
Around when did colonists start coming to NE for economic reasons? mid 1700s
What were NE's main sources for economic development? fishing, ship building, and trade
cash crop Plants grown and harvested to make money.
What were the middle colonies' main sources for economic development? farming and trading cash crops
Which region of the colonies had the most diversity? The middle colonies
Why did the Backcountry not trade with the colonies? they were beyond the fall line
fall line A mountain range's high points, here water falls prevent boats from going upstream.
What nationality were most of the settlers in the Backcountry? Scottish or Irish
Who did the Backcountry settlers rely on? themselves
What were the three stops of the triangular trade route? England, Africa, and America
middle passage journey from Africa to America
How many captives died during the middle passage? about half
What year was there one slave in the colonies? 1655
Where was the one slave in the colonies? Virginia
How many slaves were there in colonies in the early 1700s? over 5000
What year were there 45000 slave in the colonies? by 1750
What kinds of work did slaves have to do in the north? maids, farm hands, drivers,cooks, gardeners, and skilled laborers
What kinds of work did slaves have to do in the south? mostly plantation work, sometimes same as north but not usually
How did slave codes affect Africans in colonial times? They prevented them from earning any rights and repressed them.
mercantillism favorable balance of trade (more exports than imports)
negatives of exclusively trading with England England passed acts benefiting them, not colonies
posatives of exclusively trading with England protection, made many NE merchants rich, kept mid's ports busy, guaranteed market for south's crops, get bank credits
What was the goal of the navigation acts? forcing Americans to buy English goods
What were some of the navigation acts? restricted manufacturing in colonies, only British ships, imports pass through England first, and restricted trade items
How colonial economy grew overtime strong start by supplying England with raw materials and trading for goods for colonies, colonies develop internal economy with cottage industries and barter system, with English salutary neglect colonists prospered and soon became better off than English
cottage industry a business or manufacturing activity carried on in a person's home
How did smuggling industry get started? the molasses act; to avoid taxes
Backcountry Colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains through the far western part of the colonies.
Conestoga wagon A vehicle with wide wheels, curved bed, and a canvas cover used by American pioneers traveling west.
gristmill A mill in which grain is ground to produce flour or meal.
piedmont A broad plateau that leads to the foot of a mountain range
triangular trade the transatlantic system of trade in which goods, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in North America
slave codes laws that limited how blacks and whites could act with each other
task system a system used on slave plantations to require on job every day
montract agreement between a worker and his boss
indentured required to work as payback for the journey from Europe to America
bondage required to work for someone who owns the worker like property
enslave a state or being trapped or restrained by someone or something