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Bonewit Chapt 3

Sterilization & Disinfection Toritafout

antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganisms but not their spores; usually applied to living tissue.
autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure.
contaminate To soil, stain, or pollute; to make impure.l
critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system
decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease; this makes the item safe to handle.
detergent An agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores; usually applied to inanimate objects.
hazardous chemical Any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming into contact with it.
incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development.
load The articles that are being sterilized.
material safety data sheet A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical, its hazard, and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical; abbreviated as MSDS.
noncritical item An item that comes into contact with intact skin, but not mucous membranes.
sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements.
semicritical item An item that comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes.
spore A hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.
sterilization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores.
thermolabile Easily affected or changed by heat.
Created by: toritafout