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chapter 26 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Skin lesion: macule round, flat area usually distinguishes form its surrounding skin by its change in color. (Freckle) smaller than 1 cm
Skin lesion: nodule elevated solid area, deeper and firmer that a papule. greater than 5mm across
Skin lesion: fissure linear crack form epidermis to dermis (athletes foot, hand dermatitis)
Skin lesion: papule Elevated solid area. 5mm or less
Skin lesion: pustule discrete, pus filled, raised area (acne)
Skin lesion: ulcer a deep loss of skin surface that may extend into the dermis that can bleed periodically and scar (venous stasis ulcer)
Skin lesion: vesicle Fluid-filled raised area (chickenpox)
Skin lesion: wheal Itchy, temporarily elevated area with an irregular shape formed as a result of localized skin edema ( hive, insect bites)
What is alopecia? What are some causes? its hair loss. caused by scaring(chronic inflammation or chemical trauma) or nonscaring brought on by aging and level of androgen
What is acne vulgaris, and causes? inflammatory disease of the follicles of the sebaceous glands mainly affects adolescents. Oily skin
What is basal cell carcinoma? Who is it most common in? slow growing, locally destructive skin tumor (effects people over 40 with blond hair, blue eyed, and fair skin)
What is eczema? What can it be caused by? Noncontagious dermatitis that can be acute or chronic. Brought on by diet, cosmetics, clothing, stress, meds ect...
What is carbuncle? What is it characterized by? it begins as a nodule, then enlarges to involve several adjacent hair follicles. (deep follicular abscess of several follicles with multiple draining points, pain and fever)
What is folliculitis? an infection of the hair follicle with the formation of a pustule
what is dermatitis? inflamed skin
what is cellulitis? acute diffuse or spreading inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
what is herpes simplex? What area does each effect? viral infection, caused by herpes virus. effect mouth and nose, stage 2 effects the genitals
what is herpes zoster? shingles
what is psoriasis? What is the cause? chronic inflammation condition, caused by the overgrowth of skin cells
What is pediculosis capitis? how is it spread? head lice. shared combs, brush, clothes, hats
what is pediculosis pubis? how is it spread? CRABS, infected clothes, bedding and transmitted by intercourse
what is Rosacea? what does it result from? chronic skin eruption that makes face, especially nose and cheeks flush. (dilation of small blood vessels)
what are verrucae? benign viral infection of the skin
what is lymes disease? What are the signs and symptoms? how should one dispose of a tick properly? tick borne disease- bulls eye on area, and flu-like symptoms. carefully remove at the head with forceps or tweezers. wash area
`what is a keloid? a scar that develops excess dense tissue as it progressed through the healing process
what is a malignant melanoma? what determines a melanoma? neoplasm that develops from the pigment-producing melanocytes. shape, border, color, diameter and development
What dermabrasion? controlled scrapping of the top layer of the skin to remove scars from acne or accidents and to smooth out fine facial wrinkels
Created by: bpstears