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AnatomyPhysiology926

QuestionAnswer
What is a tissue? Group of cells that are similar in structure and function
What are the four major tissue types? Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous
Which tissue type is most abundant? Connective Tissue
What are the general functions of epithelial tissue? Protection: Protects against bacterial and chemical damage in the lungs. Filtration: The kidneys absorb and filter. Secretion: Specialty of glands that gets rid of waste
How is epithelia classified? Shape and Cell Layers. Simple and Stratified. Squamous, Cuboidal, and Columnar
Simple Epithelium One layer of cells
Stratified Epithelium More than one cell layer
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium Rest on a basement membrane
Describe stratified epithelial tissue. More than one cell layer
Describe simple epithelial tissue One layer of cells
Where can epithelial tissue be found? Skin, walls of capillaries, walls of kidneys, tubules, surface of ovaries, lines the length of the digestive tract from the stomach to the anus, lines urinary bladder, ureters and part of the urethra
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands? Endocrine glands are ductless whose secretors empty through the ducts into the blood. Exocrine glands have ducts and secretions empty through the ducts to the epithelial surface.
What are the general functions of connective tissue? Protects, supports, and binds together other body tissues
What are some examples of connective tissue? Bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, etc.
What is a ligament? Connect bones to bones at joints
What is a tendon? Attach skeletal muscles to bones
Describe hyaline cartilage Forms the supporting structures of the larnyx, attaches ribs to the breastbone, and covers the ends of bones where the form joints. Has a glassy, transparent look.
What are the functions of muscle tissue? Contract (shorten) to produce movement
What are the three types of muscle tissue? Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
Skeletal Muscle Muscles attached to the skeleton to voluntarily control the bones and skin to form movement
Cardiac Muscle Found only in the heart, involuntary muscle, contracts to pump and propel blood through the blood vessels
Smooth Muscle Muscle consisting of spindle shaped, unstriped (nonstriated) muscle cells, involuntary muscle, becomes smaller or enlarges to let substances be propelled through an organ on a specific pathway
What are the functions of nervous tissue? Irritability and Conductivity
Where can nervous tissue be found? Brain, spinal cord, and nerves
What are the two ways in which tissue repair may occur? Regeneration and Fibrosis
Regeneration Replacement of destroyed tissue by same kind of cells
Fibrosis Repair by dense, fibrous, connective tissue and only occurs depending on the type of tissue damaged and the severity of the injury
Which types of tissue regenerate most easily? Epithelial and Connective tissues
Which tissues do not regenerate? Nervous tissue
What are two types of neoplasm? Malignant and Benign
Malignant Positive for that disease
Benign Clean of that disease
Created by: AndreaPost