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Praxis PLT

TermDefinition
In working with her fifth-grade students to develop their literacy skills, Ms. Wood wants to employ a constructivist approach. She could best do this by using which of the following strategies? Have them read stories and then respond by manage their own interpretation of the stories
A history teacher gives a unit test on the Industrial Revolution to assess how well his students have understood the concepts they have covered in class. Which of the following types of assessments best describes this unit test? criterion referenced assessment is used to determine how well a student has mastered predetermined objectives.
An aptitude test measures? a student's collective knowledge and learning potential
A diagnostic test is used? prior to a lesson or unit to provide the teacher with information about the student's prior knowledge, strengths, or weaknesses.
A behavior assessment? is often used in creating IEP's to identify reasons for a specific student behavior or to address problem behavior.
After taking a standardized math score the following scores were assigned to Kayla(3rd grader): grade equivalent score- 5.2 and national percentile ranking 87. Her grade equivalent score indicates? She did as well on the test as an average fifth grader in the second month of school would do on the same test
Kaylas national percentile rank of 87 indicates? Kayla scored the same as or higher than 87% of the students taking the test.
A grade equivalent score is? A score that compares the raw score attained on a test by the individual student to the raw score attained by the average student in the norm group for the particular test and then reports the grade and month level of that norm group comparison, 5.2,.
Percentage rank indicates? percentage of students in a norm group whose scores are exceeded by any specific raw score.
Direct Instruction teacher-centered method of instruction
Direct Instruction method of instruction that involves the teacher giving instruction with little to no input from the students, as in a lecture.
Direct Instruction Most often used when presenting new information
Indirect Instruction mainly student centered and can invlude discussion, problem solving, and guided inquiry
Socratic teaching the focus is on giving students questions not answers. Teachers model an inquiring, probing mind by continually probing into the subject with questions.
Integrated instruction teaching strategy that combines curriculum and academic standards from more than one content area. Can be used in thematic instruction, service learning projects, social issue investigations and simulations
How does quality early interventions affect a child's learning? early interventions at younger ages have great potential to generate cumulative benefits by altering a child's future developmental trajectory.
Learning Standards identify what students must know and be able to do in a given content area and grade level
Formative Assessment designed to provide feedback during the instructional process to allow the teacher to adjust instruction to address students' needs.
Summative Assessment given at the end of an instructional unit
Portfolio Assessment collection of student work that exhibits the student's efforts, progress and achievements in one ore more areas
Diagnostic Assessment given before a lesson or unit to assess student's knowledge of the area that is about to be taught
Intrinsic Motivation The internal desire to perform a particular task; motivation associated with activities that are their own reward
Extrinsic Motivation Motivation promoted by factors external to the individual and unrelated to the teask being performed; motivation created by external factors.
Lawrence Kohlberg Stages of Moral Reasoning
Stage 1 Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning Preconventional Moral Reasoning--personal needs and others' rules
Stage 2 Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning Conventional moral reasoning--judgement based on others
Stage 3 Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning Postconventional moral reasoning--social contract and univresal ethics
Kohlberg's idea of moral reasoning the thinking process involved in judgements about questions of right and wrong
Cognitive Theory of Learning short and long term memories are formed and how we incorporate new knowledge into prior knowledge
Cognitive Theory of Learning the descriptive language used to discuss this theory similar to computer--process, memeory, sorts, organizing principles.
Created by: 100000268258799