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Planes, Cavities, Regions

Imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts Planes
Horizontal plane that divides body into top half and bottom Transverse plane
Body parts that are above other parts Superior
Body parts that are below other parts Inferior
Toward or near the head cranial
Near the sacrum region (tail) of the body caudal
Divides body into right and left sides Midsaggital
Body parts in front of the body ventral or anterior
Body parts on the back of the body Dorsal or posterior
Divides the body into a front section and a back section frontal or coronal plane
Body parts close to the midline medial
body parts away from the midline Lateral
Directional term for being close to the torso Proximal
Directional term for being far away from the torso Distal
The wrist is _____________ and the finger nails are ____________ Proximal, Distal
Spaces within the body that contain vital organs cavities
Cavity that includes the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity Dorsal or posterior cavity
The cranial cavity contains the? Brain
The spinal cord is in the_________ cavity Spinal or vetrebral cavity
What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity? The diaphragm
The abdominopelvic cavity contains the? Abdominal and pelvic cavities
What organs are in the thoracic cavity? Heart, lungs, bronchi, trachea, esophagus, & major blood vessels
What organs are in the pelvic cavity? Bladder, reproductive organs and the rest of large intestine
What organs are in the abdominal cavity? Stomach, small intestines, most of large intestines, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, & spleen
The teeth and tongue are in what cavity? The buccal cavity
What is the name of the cavity that contains the eyes? Orbital
The nasal structures are in the? Nasal cavity
Lying face down? Prone
Lying on your back, head down and feet up Trendelenberg
Lying face up on your back Supine
Sitting half way up Semi-fowlers
Region above the stomach Epigastric
Region below the stomach Hypogastric
Region where the belly button is umbilical
Regions below the ribs Right and left hypochondriac
Region near the large bones of the spinal cord Right and left Lumbar
Region near the groin Right and left iliac
Aother name for the right and left iliac regions Right and left inguinal
What are the 4 initials for the quadrants RUQ, LUQ, RLL, & LLQ
The heart is in which cavity? Thoracic
The brain is in the_____ cavity? Cranial
The small intestine is in the ________cavity Abdominal
Created by: Ms. Blair