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Bonewit Chapt 16


anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
bilirubinuria the presence of bilirubin in the urine.
bladder catheterization the passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine.
diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
frequency the condition of having to urinate often
hematuria blood present in the urine
ketonuria the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
glycosuria the presence of glucose in the urine
ketosis an accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissue and body fluids
micturition the act of voiding urine
nephron the functional unit of the kidney
nocturnal enuresis inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep
oliguria decreased or scanty output of urine
pH the unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increased output of urine
proteinuria the presence of protein in the urine
pyuria the presence of pus in the urine
renal threshold the concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
retention the inability to empty the bladder; urine is being produced normally but is not being voided
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard; in urinalysis, it refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amount of water
supernatant the clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapubic aspiration the passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urgency the immediate need to urinate
urinalysis the physicial, chemical & microscopic analysis of urine
urinary incontinence the inability to retain urine
void to empty the bladder
nocturia excessive urination during the night
Created by: TayebriaHoward