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Bonewit Chap 2

Medical Asepsis-OSHA Totitafout

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in absence of oxygen
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganism
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infections or pathogens
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An anseptic object becomes this when it touches something that is not clean.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destory pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they re no longer cspable of trasmitting infections particles; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling use or disposal
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
Infection The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number 7 hinder the transmission of oathogens
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal
Nonintact Skin Skin that has a break in the surface. it includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, & burns
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease
Opportunistic infection An infection that results from a defectivwe immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment
Optimum growth temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier of mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks,human bites, cuts & abrasions.
Pathogen A disease-producing microorganism
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before & after birth.
PH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
Postexposure Prophylaxis Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
Regulated Meical waste Medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety
Reservoir Host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pothogen to others
Resident Flora Harmless, Nonpathogenic microogranisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected;lacking resistance
Transient Flora Microorganism that reside on the superfical skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activites. they are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands
Created by: toritafout