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Bonewit Chapt 3

Sterilization & Disinfection Logan Greene

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganisms but not their spores. An antiseptic is usually applied to living tissue.
Autoclave Am apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure.
Contaminate To soil, stain, or pollute; to make impure.
Critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting diseases; this makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent An agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores. Disinfectants are usually applied to inanimate objects.
Hazardous Chemicals Any chemical that represents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming in contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development
Load The articles that are being sterilized
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical, it hazards, and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling chemicals.
Noncritical items An item that comes into contact with intact skin, but not with mucous membranes.
Sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article and reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements
Semicritical item An item that comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes
Spore A hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacteria cell.
Sterilization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores.
Thermolabile Easily affected or changed by heat.
Created by: logangreene