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ren 2

QuestionAnswer
government run by church or religious leaders theocracy
tried to force Lutheran princes back into catholic church. when he and the princes reached an agreement it was called the Peace of Augsburg Charles V
supported social order and was liked by the peasants; he denounced (did not support) the Peasant's Revolt and nobles suppressed the rebellion. This upset the peasants. Luther
swiss priest who was more radical than Luther; he admired Erasmus Ulrich Zwingli
each prince decided the religion for their lands. The northern German states chose Lutheran and the southern German states chose Catholic. Peace of Augsburg
started by Zwingli; led to significant changes in civil life and state matters in Z├╝rich Swiss Reformation
born in France trained as a priest, lawyer, and writer. He wrote a book describing how to run the Protestant church. He shared many of Luther's beliefs. John Calvin
idea that god long ago determined who would gain salvation predestination
where the chosen people of Switzerland lived geneva
Council of Trent to establish direction for reform, the sale of indulgences was abolished
empowering the Inquisition Pope Paul III strengthened inquisition, then he was tortured and executed
early reformer Girolamo Savonarola was a monk and one of the first reformers to try to change the church from within. He was executed.
Teresa of Avila symbolized the renewal feeling of intense faith from the Catholic Reformation
Legacy of Catholic Reformation majority of Europeans remained Catholic; the Catholic Reformation was led by Pope Paul the 3rd
Widespread Persecution heightened religious passion; fostered intolerance and persecuted radical sects, witches, and jews
conducting witch hunts tens of thousands of men and women died as victims. Many people were accused of witchcraft: beggars, midwives, herbalists
persecuting the Jews Spain expelled Jews. Italy tried to pressure the Jews to convert.
Council of Trent to establish direction for reform, the sale of indulgences was abolished
empowering the Inquisition Pope Paul III strengthened inquisition, then he was tortured and executed
early reformer Girolamo Savonarola was a monk and one of the first reformers to try to change the church from within. He was executed.
Teresa of Avila symbolized the renewal feeling of intense faith from the Catholic Reformation
Legacy of Catholic Reformation majority of Europeans remained Catholic
Widespread Persecution heightened religious passion; fostered intolerance and persecuted radical sects, witches, and jews
conducting witch hunts tens of thousands of men and women died as victims. Many people were accused of witchcraft: beggars, midwives, herbalists
persecuting the Jews Spain expelled Jews. Italy tried to pressure the Jews to convert.
Act of Supremacy made Henry the only supreme head on earth of the church of England; it resulted in many executions of loyal Catholics; it created a new Christian denomination and eliminating papal involvement in British affairs
Sir Thomas Moore recognized as a saint by the Catholic Church; he was executed for attempting to resign from Henry's government
Peasant's Revolt revolt across Germany called to end serfdom and harsh life;
sect religious groups that had broken away from an established church.
Henry VIII responsible for England's break with the Catholic Church; he ordered that Catholic convents and monasteries be closed because he said they were bad, or immoral. He secured support for the Anglican Church
Edward VI only surviving son of Henry VIII
Mary Tudor took over after Edward VI died; she worked to restore England to Catholic.
anabaptists very radical group of Protestant sects who rejected infant baptism
He felt that stability depended on having a male heir and he married 6 times Henry VIII
Church of England Anglican Church
Thomas Cranmer he was made archbishop by Henry VIII and he granted Henry his divorce with Catherine of Aragon;
Thomas Cromwell another person who helped with Henry's divorce
Queen Elizabeth Known as the virgin queen, she ended decades of religious turmoil in Englad; she was 2 years old when her mom Anne Boleyn was beheaded
Created by: Ray G