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History Of Medicine-

Famous physicians and their accomplishments

QuestionAnswer
Who was Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881
How did Leonardo Da Vinci and Michaelangelo contribute to anatomy They used dissection to accurately draw the human body
Who was Sir Alexander Fleming and what did he do? discovered penicillin in 1928.
What did Benjamin Franklin do for the field of medicine? He invented bifocals and also made an early version of a urinary catheter.
Who was Hippocrates? was considered the father of medicine.HE believed that diseases were caused by outside factors and not superstition and gods. He believed that the body could heal itself through good diet,fresh air,cleanliness, and exercise
Who was Edward Jenner? was the first person to develop a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Who was Joseph Lister? began to use antiseptics and disinfectants during surgery.
Who was Florence Nightingale? is considered the founder of modern nursing.She establishes sanitary nursing care units for injured soldiers during the Crimean War.
How did the Roman contribute to medicine? contributed by beginning public health and sanitation systems.
Who was Jonas Salk? developed the first polio vaccine in 1952
Who was Louis Pasteur? began to pasteurize milk to kill bacteria and was able to develop the germ theory.
What is a retrovirus? any of a group of viruses that, unlike most other viruses and all cellular organisms, carry their genetic blueprint in the form of ribonucleic acid (RNA). Retroviruses are responsible for certain cancers.
Was the X-ray a planned discovery? was discovered accidentally by William Roentgen.He discovered it while investigating the passage of an electric current through a gas of extremely low pressure.
When was AIDS identified? first identified in 1981 by the CDC. Its cause, the HIV infection was found to be linked later in that decade.
What is really important to prevent the spread of germs and infections? Washing hands
Created by: SmitaB