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Circulatory System

Blood, Heart, Blood disorders, and Circulatory disorders

TermDefinition
Iron deficiency anemia not having enough iron in your blood, also have the inability to absorb iron
Aplastic anemia a condition where the bone marrow doesn’t make enough new blood cells
Pernicious anemia a decrease in red blood cells that occurs when your intestines cannot properly absorb vitamin B12
Sickle cell anemia the RBCs in the person are sickle or crescent shaped,due to the hemoglobin being mishapen
Cooley ’s anemia -cause the body to make fewer healthy red blood cells and less hemoglobin than normal -is a blood disorder that is passed down(inherited) - another of Thalassemia
Polycythemia & Thrombocytopenia -A blood disorder in which your bone marrow synthesizes to many red blood cells -A disorder in the blood when you have an abnormally low blood platelet count
Contusions & Hematomas -a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured -Localized clotted mass of blood found in an organ or tissue or space it is usually clotted
Embolism & Thrombus -An obstruction of an artery, typically in a clot of blood or an air bubble -blood clot formed in the veins
Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot properly
Leukemia is cancer in the blood,occurs in bone marrow where blood cells are made
Multiple myeloma is cancer of the plasma cells
Septicemia presence of pathogenic (disease producing) organisms or toxins in the blood
Aneurysm a balloon-like bulge in an artery
Angina pectoris is commonly known as chest pain, when blow flow to the heart is decreased
Arrhythmia's is a when the heart beats with an irregular or abnormal rhythm
Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis - Thickening of the walls of the arteries as one ages due to the lose of elasticity in the artery walls -Deposits of fatty substances form along the walls of the arteries causing a narrowing of the blood vessel opening. This interferes with the supply
Coronary artery disease is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart
Hypertension - is also known as high blood pressure, its when the arteries have consent elevated blood pressure - it's usually 140/90 or above
Heart Failure & Pulmonary edema -Heart Failure is when the ventricles are unable to contract effectively, leaving pooling blood in the chambers. -Pulmonary Edema is when an abnormal buildup of fluid in the air sacs of the lungs, which leads to shortness of breath.
Peripheral vascular disease the narrowing of the arteries in the leg, lack of blood flow in legs
Murmurs is when your heart has an abnormal sound beat or sometimes is can be a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves.
Myocardial infarction commonly known as a heart attack, when a coronary artery become completely block this occurs
Transient ischemic attacks & cerebral vascular accidents -temporary interruption of blood flow (ischemia) to the brain, caused by build up plaque in carotid -sudden interruption of the blood flow to the brain, lose oxygen to brain cell, instant death
Varicose veins swollen veins, from a slowing blood flow to the heart, very noticeable
Created by: crystaleze14