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Cardiovascular Immune and Lymphatic Systems and Blood

thora thora (chest)
thoracentesis surgical puncture of the thorax (chest)
card/0 or cardi/o or coron/o heart
tacycardia a condition of a fast heart
bacterial endocarditis inflammation of the lining of the heart (endo cardium)caused by bacteria
myocarditis inflammation of the myocardium (muscle layer of the heart)
pericardiocentesis surgical puncture of the pericardium (membranes surrounding the heart)
cardiologist a specialist is the study of the heart
cardiodynia a condition of pain in the heart
phonocardiogram a record of heart sounds
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
electrocardiogram (EKG or EED) a record of the electrical activity of the heart
echocardiography (ECHO) the process of recording the heart using sound waves
Diagnostic Imaging (DI) using sound AKA sonography, ultrasound (US) or doppler
Transesophageal echo cardiogram (TEE) a record of the heart using sound waves transmitted across the esophagus - esophagus connects the pharynx (throat) to the stomach
Cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation (breathing) and cardiac massage AKA basic life support (BLS)
Cardiac Catheterization (cardiac cath) introduction of a catheter (small flexible tube) into the heart t determine cardiac disease (AKA) angiocardiography - coronary arteriography
Cardiac Scan diagnostic imaging (DI) of the heart after introduction of radioactive contrast material
Contrast (Radiopaque) materials that illuminate (light up) when exposed to X-Rays. Radioactive imaging is performed in nuclear medicine
Coronary Thrombosis An abnormal condition of thrombus (clot) in a coronary artery
Coronary Arteries The vessels that deliver oxygenated blood to the myocardium (muscle layer of the heart)
Coronary occlusion An obstruction (infarction) of a coronary artery AKA myocardial infarction (MI) or "heart attack"
Embolus (embolism) or emboli (plural) A floating clot
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) An abnormal condition of a (thrombus) clot in deep vein of a leg
Sedentary Lifestyle Little or no regular excercise
Ted hose or Jobst stockings antiemboli (compression) hose
TED Thrombo embolism deterrent
Embolectomy Surgical removal of an embolus (floating clot)
Myocardial ischemia Starvation of oxygenated blood to the myocardium (AKA) acute coronary syndrome
Angina Pectoris (AP) Thoracodynia caused by myocardial ischemia
Intracoronary thrombolytic therapy A treatment to break up a clot within the coronary arteries, AKA "clot buster"
Percutaneous Transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) Surgical repair of a coronary artery (ies) after insertion of a catheter (small flexible tube) with an inflatable balloon.
Coronary Stent device (expandable mesh) that prevents closure after an angioplasty.
Necr/o death
Myocardial necrosis death to the myocardium
Valv/o or Valvul/o valve(s)
Valvotomy surgical incision of a heart valve
Valvuloplasty surgical repair of a heart valve
Heart murmur A sound caused from regurgitation of blood past an incompetent valve
Regurgitation backflow or reflux
Incompetent unable to function properly
Bruit another medical term for a murmur
vas/o or vascul/o or angi/o blood vessels
Vasodilation increased diameter (lumen) of arteries
Vasoconstriction decreased diameter (lumen) of arteries
Cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Peripheral Vascular pertaining to the blood vessels outside of the heart
Angiospasm An involuntary muscle contraction of a blood vessel
Angiogram A record of a blood vessel
Angiostenosis narrowing of a blood vessel
Angiocarditis inflammation of a heart vessel
Angioma a tumor or mass of a blood vessel
Angioscopy the process of using a lighted instrument to view a blood vessel
Angiography the processof recording a blood vessel
Arter/o or arteri/o artery (arteries)
Arteriorrhexis a rupture of an artery
Arteriography the process of recording an artery (ies)
Poly arteritis inflammation of many arteries
Arteriogram a record of an artery
arteriol/o arterioles are small arteries
arteriolitis inflammation of arterioles
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries
ather/o fatty plaque
atherosclerosis an abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries caused by fatty plaque -artherosclerosis will cause arterial stenosis (narrowing)
coronary artery disease (CAD) stenosis (narrowing)of a coronary artery caused by atherosclerosis (fatty plaque)
atherectomy surgical removal of fatty plaque
endarterectomy surgical removal within an artery
cholestero/o cholesteral - one type of saturated fat (lipid)
hypercholesterolemia a blood condition of excessive cholesteral
lipid profile a blood test for cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein(LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL, the good cholesterol)
aneurysm/o aneurysm - a weakness is an arteriol septum (wall) (septum-septa)
abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) a weakness in the abdominal aortic septum (wall) - the aorta is the largest artery in the body.
dissecting aneurysm tearing of an aneurysm
phleb/o, ven/o and ven/i vein(s)
venous pertaining to a vein
venogram a record of a vein
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
phlebectomy surgical removal of a vein
phlebography the process of recording a vein
venipuncture a surgical puncture of a vein AKA "phlebotomy"
varicose veins (varicosities) superficial, swollen, twisted, knotty veins of a leg
ligation (ligate) and stripping tying and removing
hemorrhoid/o hemorrhoids are swollen twisted veins of the anal region
venul/o - venules small veins
capillari/o capillaries are microscopic arteries and veins where respiration takes place
respiration exchange of gasses; the gasses exchanged are oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (C02)
hemo/o - hemat/o blood
hemolysis (hemolytic) break up or destruction of blood
hemostasis (hemostatic) the stoppage or controlling of bleeding
hemorrhage (hemorrhagic) the rapid flow of blood
hematologist a specialist in the study of blood
hematoma a mass of blood AKA (bruise)
lymph/o - lymph Lymph is immune tissue (Lymphatic Systems, Circulatory system)
aden/0 gland
lymphadenopathy disease condition (edema) of the lymph glands
edema (edematous) is (pertaining to) swelling
Lymphoma a tumor or mass of the lymph
Lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph gland
Lymphadenography process of recording lymph glands or (nodes)
Lymphangiogram a record of the lymph vessels
splen/o - spleen - lymph tissue a reservoir (storage container) for erythrocytes (RBC's or red blood cells)
splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
Erythrocytes (RBC's) carry oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)
plasm/o plasma - liquid portion of the blood (AKA serum).
apheresis to remove
plasmapheresis removal of plasma from donated blood and the return of erythrocytes (RBC's or red blood cells) leukocytes (white blood cells)or WBC's and thrombocytes (clot cells) platelets to the patient (PT)
poiesis = formation blood formation occurs in the bone marrow (myel/o)
myelogenic pertaining to creation by the bone marrow
hemopoiesis or hematopoiesis formation of blood
erythropoiesis formation of erythrocytes (Red blood cells)
leukopoiesis formation of leukocytes (white blood cells)
thrombopoiesis formation of thrombocytes (clot cells) aka platelets
leukocytosis an abnormal condition of excessive leukocytes (wbc's)
thrombocytopenia a deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets)
morphology the study of shapes
prophylaxis -prophylactic to prevent or protect
sternotomy surgical incision of the sternum (breastbone)
hypertensive heart disease heart disease caused by chronic high blood pressure (hypertension) HTN
chronic means persistent or recurring
hypotension low blood pressure
arrhythmia (dysrlgythmia) abnormal cadiac electrical impulses
palpitations chest discomfort caused by an arrhythmia
Holter monitor ambulatory electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG) device worn by a patient (PT) for 24 hrs to detect arrhythmias
defibrillation (cardioversion) application of an electric shock to the myocardium to restore rythum
artificial pacemakeer device surgically implanted under the skin to regulate heart rate (HR)
dyscrasia any blood abnormality
anticoagulant against coagulation (clotting)
femoro popiteal (fempop) bypass surgery to establish an alternate route for blood flow between the femoral (thigh) and popiteal arteries (behind the knee)
excercise tolerance test (ETT) test of heart functins while the patient is excercising AKA or treadmill stress test
hypothermia (hypothermic) a condition of deficient body heat
hyperthermia (hyperthermic) a condition of excessive body heat
anastomosis (anastomoses) joining(s) (end to end, end to side, side to side)
malaise a feeling of being unwell
exacerbate (exacerbation) to get worse or make worse
gangrene (gangrenous) putrefaction (rot) of tissue
Putrefaction (putrefy) caused by microbial proliferation (growth in numbers)
adipose tissue fat tissue
patent open
acute or paroxysmal sudden
infiltrate of infiltration to pass into or through
bone marrow biopsy (BX) pathologic analysis of a bone marrow tissue sample to diagnose blood disorders (boring needle)
ACLS Advance Cardiac Life Support
AMI Acute myocardial infarction (acute means sudden)
CBC Complete blood count
H&H hemoglobin and hematocrit
Hemoglobin blood protein found inside RBC's and is necessary for respiration (exchanges of gases)
Healthy hemoglobin requires iron (FE)
CCU Coronary Care Unit
CCU step down is called telemetry
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
PVD Peripheral vascular disease AKA peripheral artery disease (PAD)
PAD Peripheral artery disease
FE Iron
CABG Coronary Artery bypass graft
graft refers to a transplanted tissue
GVHR graft versus host reaction
GVR refers to rejection of a graft
CPK (CK) and troponin - serum enzymes in the blood that elevate with muscle (cardiac) damage
ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Created by: janie1957