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Urinary System 2

Vocab/Conditions/Treatments

TermDefinition
nephrolithiasis kidney stones (renal calculi)
lithotripsy shock wave ultrasound
polycystic kidney disease multiple fluid filled sacs (cysts) within and on the kidney
pyelonephritis inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
renal cell carcinmoa cancerous tumor the the kidney in adulthood
renal failure decrease in excretion of wastes results from impaired filtration function
CKD chronic kidney disease
renal hypertension high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
essential hypertension unknown source of high blood pressure
Wilms tumor malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood
diabetes insipidus antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is not secreted, or there is a resistance of the kidney to ADH (uncontrollable urination)
DI Diabetes insipidus
DM diabetes mellitus
diabetes mellitus insulin is not secreted adequately or tissues are resistant to its effects
BUN blood urea nitrogen
blood urea nitrogen measurement of urea levels in blood, deadly if not treated immediately
KUB kidneys, ureters, and bladder
kidneys, ureter, and bladder x-ray examination (without contrast of the kidneys, ureter and bladder
retrograde pyelogram x-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter into the ureters from the bladder
RP retrograde pyelogram
voiding cystourethrogram x-ray image (with contrast) of the urinary bladder and urethra obtained while the patient is voiding
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
ultrasonography imaging of urinary tract structures using high-frequency sound waves.
MRI urography changing magnetic field produces images of the kidney and surrounding structures in three planes of the body
cystoscopy direct visualization of the urethra and urinary bladder with and endoscope
dialysis process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood
hemodialysis (HD) uses an artificial kidney machine, takes a few hours
peritoneal dialysis (PD) uses a catheter, takes all night
renal transplantation surgical transfer of a kidney from a donor to a recipient
urinary catheterization passage of flexible, tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder
CrCl creatinine clearance
CRF chronic renal failure-progressive loss of kidney function
C&S culture and sensitivity testing
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
IC interstitial cystitis-chronic inflammation of the bladder wall
Created by: brittm1719