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14295B Chapter 21

Chapter 21 of the Hospital Corpsman Manual

What encompasses all international law regulating the conduct of nations and individuals engaged in armed conflict? the law of armed conflict
What is anyone participating in military operations or activities? combatant
What is a French word meaning to sort? triage
In non-tactical triage what priority are casualties whose injuries are critical but who will require minimal time or equipment to manage and have a good prognosis? Priority I - Immediate
In non-tactical triage what priority are casualties whose injuries are debilitating but who do not require immediate management to salvage life of limb? Priority II - Delayed
In non-tactical triage what priority are casualties often called walking wounded who have minor injuries and can wait for treatment? Priority III - Minor
In non-tactical triage what priority are casualties whose injuries are so severe that they have only minimal chance of survival? Priority IV - Expectant
In non-tactical triage what priority are casualties who are unresponsive, pulseless, and breathless? Priority V - Dead
What tactical triage category includes those that require lifesaving surgery, they should not be time consuming and should concern only patients with high chance of survival? Immediate
What tactical triage category includes those wounded, badly in need of time consuming surgery, but whose general condition permits delay in surgical treatment without endangering life? delayed
What tactical triage category includes casualties that have relatively minor injuries and can effectively care for themselves or be helped by non-medical personnel? minimal
What tactical triage category includes casualties whose wounds are so extensive that even if they were the sole casualty and had the benefit of optimal medical resources their survival would be unlikely? expectant
What method of opening an airway should not be used in suspected spinal injury? head-tilt/chin-lift
What airway method do you use if a spinal injury is suspected? jaw-thrust
When suctioning a patient, never suction for more than_____? 15 seconds for adults, 10 seconds for children and 5 seconds for infants
What is a state of inadequate tissue perfusion resulting in a decreased amount of oxygen to vital tissues and organs? shock
What type of shock is a loss of intravascular volume of blood, plasma, or fluid loss? hypovolemic or hemorrhagic shock
What type of shock occurs when blood vessels dilate without a proportional increase in fluid volume? distributive or vasogenic shock
what type of distributive shock is caused by the failure of the nervous system to control the diameter of blood vessels? neurogenic shock
What type of distributive shock is caused by the presence of severe infection which leads to vasodilation? septic shock
What type of distributive shock is typically mediated through the para-sympathetic nervous system? psychogenic (vasovagal)
What type of shock is cause by the heart failing to pump blood adequately to all vital parts of the body? cardiogenic
What type of shock is the patient warm, dry, skin is pink, blood pressure drops, LOC is lucid and Cap refill is normal? Neurogenic
What type of shock is a patient cool, clammy, pale, mottled skin, BP drops, LOC is altered, cap refill is slowed? septic
What types of shock is the patient cool, clammy, pale, cyanotic, BP drops, LOC is altered and cap refill is slowed? cardiogenic and hypovolemic
At what stage of shock is the blood pressure maintained, there is narrowing of the pulse, and treatment will typically result in recovery? compensated
What stage of shock does the blood pressure fall because blood volume has dropped 15% to 25%, treatment at this stage will sometimes result in recovery? decompensated
What stage of shock has progressed to a terminal stage? irreversible
How long can the brain go without oxygen before permanent damage or death? 4 to 6 minutes
How fast can death from a massive hemorrhage occur? within two minutes
How long does it normally take for septic shock to develop? 5 to 7 days
What is the most common cause of shock? uncontrolled hemorrhage
What is a stroke also known as? cerebrovascular accident
What is the result of blood pooling in dilated veins which reduce the amount of blood being pumped to the brain? syncope (fainting)
what are characterized by severe uncontrolled muscle spasms or muscle rigidity? convulsions/seizures
What is the term for rattling sounds heard in the chest? rales
What is the general treatment of anaphylactic shock? SQ injection of 0.3cc of epinephrine and supportive care
What is the most effective of all pain relieving drugs? Morphine
What is the adult dose of morphine? 10 to 20mg repeated in no less than 4 hours
What wounds are torn, rather than cut? lacerations
What wounds are caused by objects that penetrate into the tissues while leaving a small surface opening? punctures
What wound is the tearing away of tissue from a body part? avulsion
What is the non-surgical removal of a limb? traumatic amputation
The average adult body contains how many much blood? 5 to 6 liters
Suture removal for the face is how many days? 4 to 5 days
Suture removal for the body and scalp is recommended after how many days? 7 days
For the soles, palms and back how many days for suture removal? 10 days
What is sometimes referred to as hydrophobia? rabies
Created by: hull5518