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Nervous system MOA

Review for the nervous - Definitions

a large bundle of axons wrapped in connective tissue nerve
A long,single projection that transmits impulses from the cell body axon
A progressive, degenerative disease of the myelin sheath multiple sclerosis (MS)
A recurrent disorder of cerebral functions characterized by seizures epilepsy
Abnormal inactivity or lack of response to normal stimuli lethargy
Abnormal rhythm dysrhythmia
Abnormally deep unconsciousness with absence of voluntary response to stimuli coma
Abnormally small head microcephaly
Acute inflammatory eruption of painful vesicles; also called shingles Herpes zoster
Any sudden and violent contraction of one or more muscles convulsion
Branching cytoplasmic projections dendrites
Brief loss of consciousness syncope
Broad term that refers to cognitive deficit dementia
Carry or move away from a central structure efferent
Carry of move toward a central structure afferent
Chemical substances that facilitate the transmission of impulses across synapses neurotransmitters
Characterized by progressive mental challenges Tay-Sach Disease
Conveys impulses to glands, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles autonomic nervous system
Conveys sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses away from the brain spinal cord
Depress central nervous system functions hypnotics
Eating disorder characterized by binging and purging bulimia nervosa
Excessive movement hyperkinesia
Excision of a ganglion ganglionectomy
Form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord develops properly but the meninges protrude meningocele
Form of spina bifida in which one or more vertebrae are malformed occulta
inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory or other sensations agnosia
inability to speak aphasia
incision into the skull craniotomy
inflammation of the brain encephalitis
injury to the brain, occasionally with transient loss of consciousness concussion
innermost membrane covering the brain and spinal cord pia mater
involuntary tremble or shake tremor
Lack of muscle coordination ataxia
Largest and uppermost portion of the brain; sensory, emotions aspects of behaviour and memory cerebrum
Major emotional disorder psychosis
Middle layer covering the brain arachnoid membrane
Most severe form of spina bifida myelomeningocele
Needle puncture of the spinal cavity lumbar puncture (LP)
Nonpsychotic mental illness neurosis
Occurring without a known cause idiopathic
Outermost membrane covering the brain and spinal cord dura mater
Pain in the spinal cord myelalgia
Poor development dystrophy
Recording of electrical activity in the brain electroencephalogram (phy (EEG)
Second largest part of the brain; refines muscular movement cerebellum
Technique that cuts a circular opening into the skull trephination
Test that measures the speed at which impulses travel through a nerve Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
The functional cell of the nervous system neuron
Weakness, debility or loss of strength asthenia
Without feeling; loss of sensation as a result of disease, injury or anesthetic agent anesthesia
Created by: NadineDpm