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M6 13-005

Exam 18: Basic Concepts of Mental Health (Key Terms)

Adaptation ability to adjust to changing life situations using various strategies.
Affect Outward manifestation of a person's feeling or emotions.
Anxiety Vague feeling of apprehension that results from a perceived threat to the self.
Behavior Manner of conducting oneself; one's actions.
Blocking Cessation of thought production for no apparent reason; may stop and stare in the middle of a conversation; can be few of long duration or many of shorter duration (or any combination thereof).
Compulsion Distressing recurring behavior that must be performed to reduce anxiety.
Coping Response Used to reduce anxiety brought on by stress. i.e.; over-eating, drinking, smoking, withdrawal, seeking out someone to talk with, yelling and exercise.
Crisis Time of change or turning point in life when patterns of living must be modified to prevent disorganization of the person or family.
Defense mechanism Behavior patterns that protect the individual against a real or perceived threat.
De-institutionalization Release of institutionalized psychiatric patients to be treated into the Community setting
Delirium Change in consciousness that occurs over a short period of time; acute cognitive disorder that produces a marked change in mental status; reversible
Delusion False beliefs; resistant to reasoning or change
Dementia A loss of multiple abilities, including long and short-term memory loss, language and the ability to understand (conceptualize); changes in mental status is caused by physical changes in the brain; chronic, progresses slowly; irreversible
Dissociation Disconnection from full awareness of self, time, or external circumstances
Exhibitionism Exposure of one's genitals to an unsuspecting person followed by sexual arousal
Fetishism Use of objects (e.g., panties, leather, rubber sheeting) for the purpose of sexual arousal
Flight of Ideas Abrupt change of topic in a rapid flow of speech
Grandiosity or Delusions of Grandeur A false belief in which one's own importance is greatly exaggerated
Hallucination False sensory input with no external stimulus, usually in the form of smells, sounds, tastes, sight, or touch
Illness State of homeostatic imbalance
Labile Dramatic changes in mood that can often be rapid in occurrence
Loose Association Thought disturbances in which the speaker rapidly shifts topics from one unrelated area to another
Mania Extreme emotional state characterized by excitement, great elation, overly talkative, increased motor activity, fleeting grandiose ideas and agitated behaviors
Mental Health Ability to cope and adjust to recurrent stressors of everyday life
Mental Illness A pattern of behavior that is noticeable, threatening and disruptive to relationships or deviates significantly from behavior that is considered socially and culturally acceptable
Obsession Persistent, recurring, inappropriate and distressing thoughts
Orientation (reality) awareness of who you are, who others are around you, your surroundings and awareness of time
Personality Consistent sort of attitudes and behaviors particular to an individual
Phobia Unnatural fear of people, animals, objects, situations, or occurrences; strong fear of something in particular
Psychotherapy Any large number of related methods of treating mental-emotional disorders by psychological techniques rather than by physical means
Psychosis State of being psychotic; an alteration in mental status caused by loss of contact with reality
Separation Anxiety anxiety produced when separated from source of security
Self-Concept Frame of reference individuals’ use for all they know and experience
Stress Nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it
Stressor Situation, activity or event that produces stress
Somatic Therapy Treatment of an emotionally ill or incapacitated client by physiological means
Created by: jtzuetrong



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