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Rice: Chapter 1

Major Themes of Anatomy and Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy Study of structure.
Physiology Study of function.
Dissection Careful cuttin and separation of tissues to reveal their relationships.
Cadaver Dead human body.
Comparative Anatomy The study of more than one species in order to learn generalizations and evolutionary trends.
Palpation Feeling structure with the fingertips, such as palpating a swollen lymph node or taking a pulse.
Auscultation Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as the heart and lung sounds.
Percussion Tapping on the body and listening to the sound for signs of abnormalities such as pockets of fluid or air.
Gross Anatomy Structures that can be seen with the naked eye, whether by surface observation or dissection.
Histology Microscopic anatomy.
Hippocrates Greek physician who is considered the "father of medicine".
Hippocratic Oath Code of ethics for physicians established by Hippocrates.
Claudius Galen Roman physician who wrote the most noteworthy medical textbook in the ancient era.
Andreas Vesalius Published the first atlas of anatomy.
William Harvey Contributions represent the birth of experimental physiology.
Robert Hooke Designed scientific instruments of various kinds and made many improvemnts to the compound microscope.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek Textile merchant who invented a simple microscope originally to examine the weave of his fabrics.
Cell Theory All organisms are composed of cells.
Scientific Method Refers less to observational procedures than to certain habits of disciplined creativity, careful observation, logical thinking, and honest analysis of one's observations and conclusions.
Inductive Method Is a process of making numerous observations until one feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them.
Hypothetico-deductive Method An investigator begins by asking a question and formulating a hypothesis.
Hypothesis An educated speculation or possible answer to a question.
Falsifiability Means that if something is claimed as scientifically true, we must be able to specify what evidence it would take to prove it wrong.
Peer Review A critical evaluation by other experts in that field.
Sample Size The number of subjects used in a study.
Controls Comparison between treated and untreated individuals.
Control Group Group not being treated.
Treatment Group Group being treated.
Psychosomatic Effects Can have an undesirable effect on experimental results if we do not control for them.
Placebo A substance with no significant physiological effect on the body.
Experimenter Bias Experimenter may want certain results so much that their biases can affect their interpretation of the data.
Double-blind Method Neither the subject nor person giving treatment knows who is recieving treatment or placebo.
Statistical Tests ex: chi-square test, t test, or analysis of variance.
Fact Information that can be independently verified by any trained person.
Law of Nature A generalization about the predictable ways in which matter and energy behave.
Theory An explanatory statement, or set of statements, derived from facts, laws, and confirmed hypotheses.
Created by: Vonzipper04