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Medical Terms - 6Yve

Medical Terminology - Lesson 6 - A thru H Prefixes & Suffixes

TermDefinition
A, An Without (anemia = without blood)
Ab Away from (abduction = to rotate away from (in medicine))
Ad Toward (adventure = toward a venture)
Algia Pain (neuralgia = nerve pain)
Ante Before; Wall part (antediluvian = before the biblical flood)
Anti Against (antibiotic, antifreeze)
Bi Two, double (bilateral, bilingual)
Brady Slow (bradycardia = slow heartbeat)
Circum Around (circumnavigate; circumrenal = around the kidney)
Co, Con Together (coworker; concentric; congenital = with birth, or born with)
De Down, Away from (dehydrate = away from hydration)
Desis Binding; Fixation of (arthrodesis = surgical fixation of a joint)
Dia Through (diagonal; diaplacental = through the placenta)
Dys Difficult; Abnormal (dysfunctional; dysemia = abnormal blood)
Ecto Outside (extocornea = outer layer of the cornea)
Ectomy Excision (to cut out & remove) (tonsillectomy)
Endo Within (endoskeleton = body support of inside skeleton; endogastric = within the stomach)
Epi Outer, on top of, over (epicurean; epigastric = top of stomach)
Exo Away from (exotic = away from the usual; exophthalmus = eyes bulging away from)
Extra Outside, Beyond (extrasensory, extracurricular)
Ferro Iron (ferrokinetics = study of iron metabolism)
Fore Before, front, front-facing (forehead, forecast)
Form Shape of (reniform = kidney-shaped)
Graphy Writing, Record (telegraph = distance writing; graphospasm = writer's cramp)
Hemi Half (hemisphere = half of a sphere; hemiparesis = paralysis to one half of the body)
Hydra, Hydro Water (hydrophobia = fear of water; hydrate = increase water concentration and/or content)
Hyper Above (also high, fast) (hypertension = high blood pressure; hyperactive)
Hypo Below (also low, slow) (hypothermic = below optimal temperature)
Created by: Yve4Neph