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respiratory review

The nasal cavaties include Space behind the nose. That warm, filter, and moisten the air. They are lined with mucous membranes
The structure that divides the nasal cavities into right and left sections. The nasal septum.
Sense of smell. Olfactory cells.
Paranasal sinus Ethmoid
Parannasal sinus Sphenoid
Paranasal sinus Maxillary
The respiaratory system is lines with Cyllia and mucous membranes
Pharaynx division 1 Larngopnaryx contains the voice box and 9 rings of cartilage lined with smooth muscle and mecous membranes.
Pharaynx division 2 Nasal pharynx opening to the eustachian. adenoids and pharangeal tonsils.
Pharaynx division 3 Oral Phaynx palatine and lingual tonsils.
Epiglotis Closes the lungs to food and liquids.
Trachea Airway to the lungs that bifurcates into RT and LT bronchi
2 main airways that branch off the trachea RT and LT bronchai
Smallest bronchioles Terminal broncholes into Aveoli
Alveoli Microscopic airsacs with walls one cell thin that allow for rapid diffusion of CO2 and O2
Lungs Organs made out of Avolia and Terminal bronchioles.
Lobes of the lungs RT. lung has 3 lobes. LT has 3 lobes.
The top portion of the lung Apex
The bottom portion of the lung Base(broad lower end that rests on the diaphram)
Visceral pleurae Covers the lungs
Parietal pleurae
What is the mediastinum? Space between the lungs that contains the esophagus, heart, and trachea.
Total lung capacity 6000ml
Tidal volume(TV) Amount of air moved into and out of the lungs. 500ml average
Vital capacity(VC) Max amount that you exhale after max inspiration. 4800ml
Residual Volume(RV) Amount left after max exhalation. 1200ml
What is the diaphragm? Skeletal muscle that contracts and relaxes to move the lung.
Phrenic nerve Controls the diaphrahm
What stimulates breathing? CO2 levels stimulate the brain and the medulla controls the breathing.
Rales Bubbling and rattling sounds made in the lungs.
Rhonchi Whistling sounds made in the lungs.
Wheeze Whistling expiration sound.
Stridor Harsh high pitched insipiratory sounds.
Eupnea Normal breathing
Dyspnea Difficult/painful/labored breathing.
Orthopnea Diff breathing while supine.
Orthopneic postion Head at 45* elevation while sleeping
Hyperpnea Abnormal deep and rapid breathing
Hyperventiation Excessive movement of air in/out of the lungs.
Bradypnea Slow breathing
Tachypnea Fast breathing
Apnea No breathing
Anoxia Without oxygen
Hypoxia Low oxygen
Asphyxia Suffocation/inability to breath
Singultus hiccups
Corzya Common head cold sound
Hempptysis Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract.
Pulmonary edema Accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Normally CHF related.
Atelectasis Incomplete expansion of the lobes or lungs that may result in a partial collapse of the lung. Can be chronic or acute.
COPD Abnormal irreversible enlargement of air spaces,
Pneumonia Acute infection of the lunch parenchyma which impairs gas exchange causing alveoar inflammation and edema.
Pneumonitis Inflammation of the lungs
Pertussis Whooping cough acute respiratory viral infection.
Created by: sublime505



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