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Intro to Anat & Phys

homeostasis, overview of systems, regional and directional terms

Groups of cells that have a common function tissue
study of the structure of the human body anatomy
study of the function of the human body physiology
The function of the body is dependent on its ___. structure
The smallest unit of life cells
tissues that work together toward a common function organ
organs that work together toward a common function system
system that waterproofs, cushions and protects deeper tissues, contains sense receptors, helps regulate temperature integumentary
system that consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments & joints skeletal
system that produces blood cells and stores minerals (such as calcium) skeletal
system that consists of contracting cells attached to the skeleton to cause body movement muscular
system that consists of brain, spinal cord, nerves and sensory receptors nervous
system that responds to external & internal stimuli nervous
system that controls and regulates the body by producing hormones endocrine
system that transports chemicals through body cardiovascular
system that consists of heart, blood vessels & blood cardiovascular
system that returns leaked fluid back to blood vessels and is involved in immunity lymphatic
system that includes lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen & tonsils lymphatic
system that supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide respiratory
system that consists of nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi & lungs respiratory
system that breaks down food & delivers the resulting molecules to the blood digestive
system that consists of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small & large intestine digestive
system that removes nitrogen containing wastes and maintains water, salt & pH balance of the blood urinary (aka excretory)
system that consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder & urethra urinary (aka excretory)
system that produces offspring reproductive
system that consists of scrotum, penis & duct system in males - uterine tubes, uterus & vagina in females reproductive
the body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions, regardless of outside conditions homeostasis
when a stimulus causes a response in the opposite direction of the stimulus negative feedback
standing erect with feet parallel and arms at the sides with palms facing forward and thumbs pointing away from body anatomical position
above superior
below inferior
in front of anterior
behind posterior
middle medial
away from the middle; the sides lateral
between a more medial and a more lateral surface intermediate
close to the body part proximal
away from a body part distal
external; at the surface superficial
internal; away from the surface deep
wrist area carpal
ankle area tarsal
thigh area femoral
anterior (front) of calf crural
posterior (back)of calf sural
curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle deltoid
point of shoulder acromial
cheek area buccal
forehead frontal
armpit axillary
anterior (front) of elbow antecubital
upper arm brachial
forearm antebrachial
eye area orbital
chin area mental
breastbone area sternal
chest area thoracic
belly button umbilical
butt area gluteal
hip area coxal
knee area patellar
fingers; toes digital
neck cervical
belly area abdominal
posterior (back) of head occipital
lower back lumbar
sole of foot plantar
heel calcaneal
area of spine vertebral
area where thigh meets body part (groin) inguinal
area overlying the pelvis pelvic
cuts the body into left and right sides sagittal
cuts the body into the top and bottom portion transverse
cuts the body into a front and back frontal (aka coronal)
cuts the body at an angle oblique
cavity that contains the brain cranial cavity
cavity that contains the spinal cord spinal cavity
cavity that contains the lungs and heart thoracic cavity
cavity that contains the digestive organs abdominal cavity
cavity that contains the reproductive organs, bladder & rectum pelvic cavity
cavity surrounded by rib cage thoracic
structure that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity diaphragm
refers to all the chemical reactions in the body metabolism
part of a homeostatic control system that detects change receptor
part of a homeostatic control system that determines any action that will be taken in response to a change control center
part of a homeostatic control system that receives the message from the control center and produces the response which reestablishes homeostasis effector
Created by: szern