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Blood

Blood test

QuestionAnswer
Anemia Condition marked by reduction in erythrocyte count or hgb concentration.
Blood Dyscrasia Morbid blood condtion
Ecchymosis bruising
Erythrocytosis Abnormal increase in RCS's
Erythrocytopenia Deacrease in RBC's
Leukocytosis Abnormal increase in WBC
Leukocytopenia Decrease in WBC
Petechiae Small pinpoint hemorrhagic spots on the skin.
Pancytopenia Abnormal Reduction of all blood cells
Polycythemia Increase in cell mass and hemoglobin concentration
Proliferation Increase in production of cells
Perisplenitis Inflammation of the spleen and surrounding structures
Rouleaux formation RBC's that resemble stacked coins
Thrombocytosis Increased amount of platelets in the blood
Thrombocytopenia Decreased amount of platelets in the blood
Hemolysis Destruction of RBS's
Hemangioma Benign tumor of blood vessels
Hematoma Blood tumor
Normocytic Normal size in RBC
Macrocytosis Abnormally large RBC's
Microcytosis Abnormally small RBC's
Normochromic Normal RBC color
Hypochromic RBC's are pale in color
Hyperchromic RBC's have to much color
Anisocytosis Abnormal variation of RBC size
Poikilocytosis Abnormal RBC shapes
Bactermia Bacteria in the blood
Speticemia Blood poisoning due to pathogens
Viremia Virus in the blood
Iron defciency anemia Caused by impaired iron intake or excessive blood loss.
Pernicious anemia Anemia which is caused from a lack on the intrinsic factor. Vital for B12 absorption.
Folic acid deficiency anemia inadequate folic acid intake
Vitamin K deficiency Lack of Vit K in the intestine after antibiotic treatment
Thalassemia Hereditary condtion marked by defective production of Hgb.
Von Willebrand disease Hereditary bleeding disorder related to deficient or abnormal Willibrand factor
Hemophilia A Hereditary bleeding disorder from a deficiency or malfunction of clotting factor VIII
Hemophilia B Hereditary bleeding disorder from a deficiency of factor IX
Thrombocytopenia Hemorrhagic disorder caused by a deficiency in circulating platelets. With sudden onset of petechiae or ecchymoses
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura Platelet disorder caused by antibodies directed against platelets
Drug induced thrombocytopenia Side effect of many medications
thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura Causes platelet aggregation and inappropriate clor formation bleeding
Polycythemia Myeloproliferative malignant disorder marks by an increase in RBC HgB hematocrit and blood viscosity
Leukemia Malignant proliferation of WBC precursors in the bone marrow and the subsequent accumulation in the blood/body tissues.
Multiple myeloma Neoplasm of bone marrow plasma cells produce lesions throughout the skeleton and internal organs
Aplastic anemia Anemia brought on by failure of bone marrow to adequately produce blood cells.
Hemolytic anemia Increased fragility and destruction of RBC's with a increase of reticulocytes being released into the blood.
Erythroblastosis fetalis Hemolytic anemia that results from antibodies in an RH - mother and a Rh + fetus.
Plasma Water portion of blood 55% of blood volume and 92% water.
Serum Liquid portion minus the clotting factor
Formed Elements Cellular portion of blood 45%
Reticulocytes Immature RBC
Erythropoises Formation of RBC's
Hemopoiesis Formation of blood
Agglutination Clumping together of RBC. Transfusion rxn.
Phagocytosis Ingestion of dead cells, CA cells, and bacteria
Thrombocyte Platelet
Erythrocyte RBC
Leukocyte WBC
Albumin Plasma protein that maintains the water balance in the blood
Phagocyte Cells that preforms phagocytosis
Neutropenia Decreased neutrophil count
Fibrinogen Essential component of blood clotting process
Coagulopathy Any disease that impairs blood clotting.
Created by: sublime505