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Kidney Sympt. terms

QuestionAnswer
Anuria Lack of urination
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination
Proteinuria protein in the urine
Hematuria Blood in the urine
Oliguria Scanty urine output
Pyuria pus in the urine
Nocturia needing to urinate at night
diuresis urinate more
polyuria freq. urination or increased volume
glycoseuria glucose in the urine
Incontience inability to control urine output
eneuresis bedwetting incontinence during sleep.
uremia urine in the blood
azotemia increase in BUN (blood, urea, nitrogen)
ADH Antidiuretic Hormone. causes water retention, causes increase in BP.
Aldosterone causes sodium retention (water follows salt) regulates sodium and fluid retention, increases BP.
ANP Atrial Naturetic Peptide
Nephrosclerosis Hardening/narrowing of the blood vessels/arteries in the kidney.
what causes Nephrosclerosis? HTN, decreases in oxygen supply leading to abnormal filtration, causes increase in BUN and Creatinine. leads to Chronic Kidney Failure.
Acute Renal Failure Sudden; some causes are from medications, especially ibuprofen, or from blood clots.
Glomerulonephritis Inflammation or infection of the nephrons. urine contains proteins, blood. if it is from inflammation can TX by anti-inflammatory drugs.
Nephrolithiasis Kidney Stones. can form in the collecting duct, pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra, severe pain renal colic, ureteral colic
Treatment for Nephrolithiasis? Force fluids, Lithotripsy, ultrasound or laser, stent to maintain patency. can be familial, recurrent.
Hydronephrosis Back up of urine into the kidney, obstruction.
Pylonephritis comes from bladder infection that is not treated. Infection of nephrons and renal pelvis. secondary to untreated bladder infection.
Ureteral Colic severe intense pain associated with passing a kidney stone.
Renal Colic Flank Pain
Lithotripsy Ultrasound waves breakup the kidney stones allowing them to be passed.
Created by: charndoug