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CXR/KUB

Thoracic/abdominopelvic cavity & Landmarks

QuestionAnswer
Thoracic cavity structures include: R/L Pleural Membranes, R/L Lungs, Trachea, ____,_____,_____ & ____ _____. Esophagus, Pericardium, Heart & Great Vessels
Abdominal cavity structures include: Peritoneum, Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas, Spleen, ____, ____, ____, ____, _____ _____ _____ Stomach, Intestines, Kidneys, Ureters, Major Blood Vessels
Abdominopelvic cavity structures include: Rectum, Sigmoid of large intestine, Urinary Bladder, ____ _____. Reproductive system
Interilliac plane intersects? Pelvis at the top of the iliac crest
What positioning is the iliac crest used in? Lumbar spine, sacrum, & coccyx
The 2 great body cavities of the torso are? Thoracic and abdominal cavities.
Thoracic cavity is subdivided into a _____segment and 2 ____ portions Pericardial segment and 2 pleural portions
The abdomen is bordered superiorly by the ____ and _______ by the superior pelvic ______ Diaphragm and inferiorly by the superior pelvic inlet
The location of organs or an anatomic area can be described by dividing the abdomen according to 1 of 2 methods 4 quadrants or 9 regions
The abdomen is often divided into 4 clinical divisions called _____ Quadrants
The ____ plane and ____ plane intersects at the umbilicus and create the boundaries of the quadrants. Midsagittal and horizontal
Name the 4 quadrants Right upper quadrant (RUQ), Left upper quadrant(LUQ), Right lower quadrant(RLQ), Left lower quadrant(LLQ)
Dividing the abdomen into four quadrants is useful in describing the location of various abdominal organs. Describe the spleen location Left upper quadrant
T/F: Though not used in clinical practice often, the abdominal can be divided into 9 regions by using 4 planes? True
The 9 regions of the body are divided into 3 or 4 groups? 3
Superior region includes: Rt. hypochondrium, epigastrium, lt. hypochondrium
Middle region includes: Rt. lateral, umbilical, lt. lateral
Inferior region includes: Rt. inguinal, hypogastrium, lt. inguinal
Rt/Lt laterial is also called? Rt/Lt lumbar
T/F: Region terms are always used in describing organ locations False. Quadrant and region terms can be used
T/F: Most anatomic structures can't be visualized directly; requiring the use of protuberances, tuberosities, and other external indicators to accurately position a patient. True
C5 Thyroid cartilage
T1 2" above jugular notch
T2-T3 Jugular notch
T4-T5 Sternal angle
T7 Inferior angle of scapula
T9-T10 Xiphoid process
L2-L3 Inferior costal margin
L4-L5 Iliac crest
S1 ASIS - anterior superior iliac spine
Coccyx Pubic symphysis & greater trochanters
KUB landmark L4-L5 iliac crest (umbilicus is related)
Where is IR in relation to shoulders for a CXR? Top of shoulders, 1 1/2 - 2"
Surface landmarks are also called? Topographic anatomy
Created by: swisscheese