Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Liver & Gallbladder

24.9--Liver and GallBladder

Liver Largest Internal Organ, and Heaviest Gland in Body; inferior to diaphragm and occupies most of right hypochondriac and epigastric regions
GallBladder Pear-shaped sac, located on inferior surface of liver
Right Lobe and Left Lobe Larger/Small respectively. Divided by falciform ligament
Falciform Ligament A mesentaric fold of the peritoneum, spanning from diaphram, anterior abdominal wall, and visceral peritoneum
Right Lobe Parts Inferior quadrate lobe, and posterior caudate lobe
Ligamentum Teres Round Ligament--extends from liver to umbilicus; remnant of umbilical cord
Coronary Ligaments Suspend liver from diaphragm
Gall--Fundus Projects downward beyond inferior border of liver
Gall--Body and Neck Project superiorly
Hepatocytes One cell thick; line up in hepatic laminae (rows); membrane forms grooves for canaliculi for bile secretion
Hepatic Laminae Rows of heptocytes, spaces in between cells allow for bile secretion
Bile Yellow, brownish or olive green liquid secreted; emulsify lipids into suspensions, and assist in absorption of lipids into lacteals
Bile Canaliculi Small Ducts in between hepatocytes that collect bile and pass into ductules and bile ducts.
Bile Ducts Left and Right hepatic ducts; exit liver as common hepatic duct; joins with cystic duct of gall bladder to form common bile duct
Hepatic Sinusoids Highly permeable blood capillaries b/w hepati laminae receive oxygenated blood from hepatic artery and nutrient rich deoxygenated blood from portal vine. Converge into Central Vein
Portal Triad Bile Duct, Hepatic Artery, and Hepatic Portal Vein
Hepatic Lobule Hexagon shape; three corners of portal triad
Portal Lobule Exocrine Function; bile secretion
Hepatic Acinus Oval mass that includes portions of two hepatic lobules. Short axis is branches of portal triad. Zone 1 = glucose, zone 3 = fat accumulate, Zone 2= structural
Kuppffer Cells Destroy worn out white and red blood cells. Phagocytic
Sphincter of Oddi Bile goes back into cystic duct for storage between meals; closes off duodenum.
Liver Function Carb metabolism (glucose level, conversion), lipid metabolism, protein metabolism (deamination), drug processing, excretion of bilirubin, Synth of bile, Storage (vit and glycogen), Phagocytosis, Vit D activation
Bilirubin Derived fom heme of red blood cells (aged). Secreted into bile. Mostly metabolized by small intestine and bacteria; eliminated in feces.
Created by: 100000434525601



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards