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Pancreas

24.8--Pancreas

TermDefinition
Pancreas Posteriro to great curvature of stomach and adjacent medially to duodenum. Breaks down proteins, carbs, nucleic acids, and lipids. Reduces acidity of duodenum as well
Head Curvature of duodenum; features Uncinate process, which clings to superior mesenteric artery and vein
Body and Tail Superior and to the left
Pancreatic Duct Larger of two ducts; joins with common bile duct from liver and gallbladder.
Hepatopancreatic Ampulla (Ampulla of Vater) Combo of common bile duct and pancreatic duct at duodenum
Major Duodenal Papilla Hepatopancreatic ampulla open onto this elevation
Accessory Duct (Duct of Santorini) Leads to pancreas and empties into duodenum superior to hepatopancreatic ampulla
Pancreatic Acini Exocrine portion of organ; forms a central cavity (duct). Cells here produce pancreatic juice (enzymes)
Pancreatic Islets 1% of cells. Endocrine portion -- into blood via glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and polypeptides.
Created by: 100000434525601