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7-25 abdominal 1

QuestionAnswer
What anchors the liver to the abdominal wall? Falciform ligament
What is the greater omentum? Fatty apron used for cushion and protection; also seals off infections and causes adhesions
What anchors the small intestine to the posterior wall? Mesentery
Where is the lesser omentum found? Liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach
What is the pathway for the greater omentum? Greater curvature then goes down then back up and attaches to the transverse colon
What muscle is found near the pharynx and esophagus? Inferior pharyngeal constrictor
What provides sympathetic innervation to the esohpagus? Sympathetic trunk
What type of muscles make up the esophagus? Skeletal and smooth
What vertebral level is the esophageal hiatus found? T10
Where are hiatal hernias and GERD found? Where the diaphragm and internal esophageal sphincter empty into stomach
What is the blood supply to the esophagus? Esophageal branches from thoracic aorta
What increases nutrient absorption? Smaller pieces of food, rugae (increases surface area)
What is the major function of the stomach? Mix and breakdown ingested food
What is chyme? Mix of ingested foodand gastric juices
Where is the lesser curvature found? Between liver and stomach
What is the blood supply to the lesser curvature? Left and right gastric arteries and veins
Where is the greater curvature found? Between stomach and transverse colon
What is the blood supply to the greater curvature? Left and right gastro-omental arteries and veins
What does the pyloric sphincter do? Helps further break down food by not allowing large pieces to move on to the duodenum
What are the three main branches of the aorta that supply this area? Celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery
What are the three branches from the celiac trunk? Left gastric, splenic, and common hepatic arteries
What are the two branches of the common hepatic artery? Gastroduodenal and proper hepatic
What are the two branches of the proper hepatic? Right and left hepatic arteries
What usually branches off the right hepatic artery? Cystic artery
What does the superior mesenteric branch into? Ileocolic, right colic, and midde colic arteries
What does the inferior mesenteric artery branch into? Left colic, sigmoid, and superior rectal arteries
What is the major site for absorption of nutrients? Duodenum
What is the blood supply to the duodenum? Gastroduodenal and pancreatic arteries
Where do nutrients continued to be absorped? Jejunum
What is the blood supply to the jejunum? Superior mesenteric artery
Where is nurtient pretty much done at? Ileum
What is the blood supply to the ileum? Superior mesenteric artery
As you go from proximal jejunum to terminal ileum, what changes? Less folds in the lumen so less absorption
What are the three distinguishing features of the large intestine? Haustra, tineae coli, omental appendages
What is the large intestine's job? Reabsorp water and compact waste
What are the six parts of the large intestine? Cecum, ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colons, and rectum
What arteries supply the large intestine? Superior and inferior mesenteric arteries
What does parasympathetic innervation to the large intestine? Vagus (to left colic flexure) and pelvic splanchnics (S2-S4, after left colic flexure)
What are the fat tabs on the large intestine called? Omental appendages
What kind of blood does the portal vein carry? Oxygen poor, nutrient rich, can be toxic
Created by: beranml
 

 



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