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Cpc flash

medically related to the CPC

collagen a protein that connects and supports other bodily tissues
epithelium membranous tissue that lines the internal organs, cavities, and surfaces of structures throughout the body
melanin a pigment that gives the skin and hair their natural color
stratum corneum a layer of dead cells in the epidermis that forms a barrier to retain moisture
subcutaneous tissue the deepest layer of the skin, which contains fat cells, connective tissue, blood vessels, and nerves
Alopecia loss of hair from the head or body
erythema abnormal redness of the skin due to dilation of blood vessels
furuncle a boil filled with pus originating in a gland or hair follicle
melanoma a malignant tumor of the skin (skin cancer).
nevus a pigment lesion of the skin that is usually benign, such as a birthmark or mole
BCC Basal Cell Carcinoma
MM Malignant Melanoma
SC Subcutaneous
SCC Squamous Cell Carcinoma
UVR Ultraviolet Radiation
bones form the skeleton, which provides structure and support for the body, and protects vital organs, and stores nutriants.
Ligaments strong bands of connective tissue that binds bones together at the joints
tendons bands of fibrous connective tissue connecting a muscle to a bone. They act as elastic bands, allowing body movement
Muscles are the contractile tissue of the body whose primary function is to provide power. They also provide form and heat for the body
joints are the locations where two or more bones make contact
clavicle collar bone
deltoid muscle covering the shoulder joint. Provides rotation, extention, and flexibility of the arm.
maxilla bones that support on either side of the upper jaw the cheek teeth and canines
soleus broad flat muscles located in the back of the calf which provides and controls postural stability
sternum breast bone, located in the center of the thorax (chest)
bursitis inflammation of the bursa (sm. fluid-filled sacs that ease friction between tendons and bones) resulting in swelling and pain
crepitation grating, clicking, rattling, or crackling sound produced by rubbing of bone fragments
effusion an abnormal collection of fluid in various spaces of the body (example: the knee)
Kyphosis hunch-back; this is the abnormal backward curve of the vertebral column
torticollis stiff neck; spasms in the neck muscles causing the head to tilt to one side, making it difficult to rotate the head
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
FROM full range of motion
MS Musculoskeletal
OA Osteoarthritis
bronchi large hallow air passages that carry air into the lungs
diaphragm a sheet of muscle that extends across the bottom of the rib cage and separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
Glottis the true vocal cords and the opening between them
nasopharynx the area of the upper throat that lies behind the nose
oropharynx the area of the throat that is at the back of the mouth
asbestosis a chronic inflammatory lung disease caused by the inhaling of asbestos particles
emphysema a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs whereby the small air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs become damaged, resulting in decreased respiratory function
nasopharyngitis "common cold" it is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system
pleurisy inflammation of the membranes around the lungs, resulting in fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing
pneumothorax air outside the ling and within the chest cavity, resulting in collapse of the lung
CLD Chronic Lung Disease
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Presure
OLB Open Lung Biopsy
RAD Reactive Airway Disease
Aorta a large artery that carried oxygen-enriched blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
Atrium The upper chanber of each half of the heart
Mitral valve "Bicuspid valve"; the mitral valve separates the two chambers on the left side of the heart; it prevents blood from backing up into the atrium and the lungs
Tricuspid valve A valve with three cusps located between the right atrium and right ventricle; it prevents the backflow of blood into the right atrium
ventricle the lower pumping chambers of the heart
angina pain in the heart from unsufficient flow of blood to the heart muscle
Cerebrovascular accident "stroke"; a blood vessel or clot (thrombus) in the brain that deprives the brin tissue of oxygen
Endocarditis An infection of one of the four heart valves
Myocardial infarction the death of heart tissue due to lack of oxygen for a extended period
Transichemic attack "mini-strokes"; caused when a small blood clot blocks an artery to the brain for a short period
BMI body mass index
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident
RRR Regular Rate and Rhythm (heart)
TIA transient Ischemic Attack
Axillary lymph nodes Lymph nodes located in the armpit that drain the lymph channels from the breast
Bone marrow the soft and spongy tissue that fills the cavities of the bones
Cisterna chyli the origin of the thoracic duct
Lymph A transparent, watery bodily fluid containing white blood cells
Thoracic duct a major duct of the lymphatic system that drains lymph from the entire body (with the exception of the right upper quadrant) and returns it to the left subclavian vein
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome a disease by which an unusualy high number of white blood cells accumulate in the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen, leading to enlargement of these organs
Castleman's disease benign tumors that develop in the lymph node tissue at a single site or throughout the body
Lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph nodes
lymphatic falariasis a parasitic disease caused by microscopic worms in the lymph system
Mesenteric lymphadenitis Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the membrane that attaches the intestine to the abdominal wall
ALPS Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
CD Castleman's Disease
LAG Lymphangiogram
LN Lymph Node
PLND Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection
Small intestine divided into three sections: duodenum (first third), Jejunum (second third), and ileum (distal third)
Large intestine begins at the iliac region of the pelvis and consists of four portions: ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid or pelvic colon
Ancillary organs include: Pancreas, which produces digestive enzymes that are secreted into the intestines; the liver, which produces bile( a digestive juice), and the gallbladder, which store and secretes bile to help the body digest fats
Cecum a blind sac that opens into the colon
Duodenum the first part of the small intestione, extending from the stomach to the jejunum, which breaks down food
esophagus the tubular portion of the digestive tract that connects the mouth to the stomach
Ileum The longest portion of the small intestine responsible for digestion and the absorption of nutrients
jejunum the part of the small intestine that connects the duodenum and ileum
Crohn's disease an inflammation of the gastrointestional tract (from the mouth to the anus) most commonly affecting the lower part of the small intestine
Dyspepsia "indigestion"; the feeling of fullness during a meal and/or uncomfortable fullness after a meal accompanied by burning or pain in the upper abdomen
Gastroparesis a disorder of the stomach that causes the stomach to take too long to empty, resulting in bacterial overgrowth from the fermentation of the food and in some cases the hardening of the food, which may cause an obstruction
Helicobacter pylori a spiral-shaped bacterium in the stomach that damages the stomach, causing inflammation and peptic ulcers
Stomach ucler an open sore or erosion in the lining of the stomach
HSM Hepatosplenomegaly
LFT Liver Function Test
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GIST Gastrointestional Stromal Tumor
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome
kidneys filter waste products from the blood; they also regulate blood pressure by maintaining a steady level of electrolytes
Ureter is a tube leading away from the kidney to the urinary bladder, whose function is the movement of urine
bladder is to store and release urine
urethra the tube through which urine passes when emptying the bladder
female reproductive system is divided into two parts; external and internal. the external part of the reproductive system consists of the vulva, the mons pubis, labia and clitoris. The internal organs are the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
Male reproductive system divided into two parts. The external organs include the penis and scrotum. the internal organs include the vas deferens, testes, and seminal vesicles. The primary function of the reproductive system, whether male or female, is to produce offspring
Epididymis tightly coiled tubes attached to the top of the testis, where sperm is stored during maturation
Fallopian tube a tube through which the eggs from the ovary pass to the uterus
labia majora the outer folds of skin (lips) that cover and protect the female genitalia
labia minora the smaller inside folds of skin (lips) located between the labia majora and the external genitalia
ovary the female reproductive organ that contains the eggs necessary for reproduction and produces estrogen and progesterone
prepuce the foreskin or sheath of skin that covers the penis
prostate gland the male sex gland that produces a fluid that forms part of the semen
testes the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum that produce testosterone and sperm
vas deferens the ducts by which sperm passes from the testis to the urethra
Amenorrhea the absence of menstruation in a woman of reproductive age; not related to menopause
benign prostatic hypertrophy swelling or enlargement of the prostate gland
Cryptochidism "hidden testicle"; the failure of one or more of the testes to descend into the scrotum
Dysmenorrhea painful menstrual periods
Dysuria Painful or difficult unrination
Endometriosis the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (endometrium) becomes implanted outside the uterus.
Hematuria the presence of blood in the urine
Hydrocele a fluid-filled sac surrounding the testis, resulting in swelling on the side of the scrotum
Kidney stones also known as calculus of the kidney; hard, solid pellets that form in the urinary tract
Menorrhagia Heavy menstrual period with excessive bleeding
Polycystic kidney disease a genetic disorder of the kidneys by which numerous fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys
testicular torsion the spermatic cord gets twisted around the testicle, cutting off the supply of blood to the testicle
varicocele dilated and twisted veins of the testis
vulvovaginitis an inflammation of the vulva and vagina; commonly caused by irritating substances (bubble bath) or poor hygiene
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
CX Cervix
DRE Digital Rectal Examination
DUB Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
ED Erectile Dysfunction
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
GU Genitourinary
HPV Human Papillomavirus
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy
IVP Intravenous Pyelogram
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PSA Prostate Specific Antigen
STD sexually transmitted disease
UTI urinary tract infection
Hypothalamus part of the brain located above the pituitary gland that connects the endocrine system to the nervous system and is responsible for regulating the release of hormones, body temp., food intake, and sleep
parathyroid gland small glands located within the lobe of the thyroid that control the supply of calcium to the body
pineal gland a small endocrine gland in the brain that secretes the hormone melatonin, which assists with the regulation of wake/sleep cycles
Thymus gland plays an important role in the development of the immune system. The thymus gland decreases in size as we age.
thyroid gland one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, it helps to regulate growth and metabolism
Diabetes inability to produce or metabolize the hormone insulin, resulting in high glucose levels, frequent urination and excessive thirst.
Gestational diabetes the elevation of blood glucose during pregnancy
Hyperglycemia excess glucose in the blood
hypothyroidism an underactive thyroid causing a reduced metabolic rate, tiredness, and lethargy
DM Diabetes Mellitus
GH Growth Hormone
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test
HGH Human Growth Hormone
TSH Thyroid-stimulating Hormone
Brachial plexus A network of nerves originating from the neck and running down to the shoulder, arm, hand and fingers
Cerebellum a portion of the brain located in the back of the head responsible for the coordination of movement and balance
obturator nerve arises from the ventral division of the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves
peripheral nervous system outside of the central nervous system, but connects the central nervous system to the limbs and organs
Spinal cord a long thin tube like structure of nervous tissue that travels from the base of the skull down the back. its function is to carry messages from the brain to the rest of the body.
Alzheimer's disease a progressive degenerative brain disease that alters the brain, causing impaired memory, thinking, and behavior
Cerebral palsy loss or deficiency of motor control caused by brain damage before birth or during infancy
Epilepsy a disorder of the central nervous system in which abnormal electrical activity in the brain causes seizures and blackouts
Meningitis an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain (meninges)
Multiple sclerosis A slowly progressive disease of the brain and spinal cord resulting in difficulties with coordination and speech, impaired mobility, and disability
ANS Autonomic Nervous System
CNS Central Nervous System
CP Cerebral Palsy
EEG Electroencephalogram
PNS Peripheral Nervous System
Choroid the middle layer of the eye consisting of blood vessels that furnish nourishment to other parts of the eye
Conjunctiva The mucous membrane that covers the eyeball and the undersurface of the eyelid
Optic nerve the cable that connects the eye to the brain
Retina a thin membrane covering the back of the eyeball that converts optical images to electrical impulses, which are sent along the optic nerve to the brain
Sclera the white of the eye that serves as a protective outer layer for the eye
Blepharitis Inflammation of the eyelids
Cataract Clouding of the natural lens of the eye
Chalazion a sebaceous cyst of the eyelid
Nystagmus Rapid involuntary movement of the eye
Strabismus "crossed eyes"; this is the abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
OD Right eye
OL Left eye
OKN Optokinetic nystagmus
OU Both eyes
VA visual acuity
Cochlea A snail shaped tube in the inner ear.
Eustachian tube One of a pair of tubes that connects the middle ear to the nasopharnyx, allowing for the passage of air
malleus a hammer shaped bone in the middle ear that transmits the sound vibration from the eardrum to the incus
tympanic membrane the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
vestibule the central cavity of hte ear (the middle part of the inner ear)
acoustic neuroma a slow growing benign tumor located in the hearing canal
meniere's disease a disorder of the inner ear causing vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss
otitis externa inflammation of the external ear
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear; this is most common in children
tinnitus a noise that originates within the ear, such as a ringing in the ear
AD right ear
AI left ear
AU both ears
MD Meniere's Disease
OM Otitis media
Plasma The clear yellowish fluid portion of the blood in which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and plates are suspended
red blood cells the most common type of blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen to the body tissues
serum the clear liquid that can be separated from the clotted blood
White blood cells The primary function of white blood cells is to fight off infection
hemophilia a hereditary disorder whereby the blood does not clot normally, resulting in uncontrolled bleeding
Leukemia malignant neoplasm of the blood-forming tissue (bone marrow), causing the abnormal development of white blood cells
sepsis an infection in the blood caused by the spread of bacteria or toxins via the bloodstream
sickle cell disease a genetic disorder whereby the blood cells form a crescent shape that results to chronic anemia
thalassemia an inherited form of anemia resulting in the inability to create enough hemoglobin (the red blood cell protein that carries oxygen to the body)
CBC Complete blood count
PA Pernicious anemia
RBC red blood cell
SCD sickle cell disease
WBC white blood cell
antibodies proteins made by the body to neutralize or destroy foreign substances
immunodeficiency the inability of the immune system to fight of infectious diseases
interferon proteins released by cells to stimulate the immune response
lymphocyte a type of white blood cell thatproduces antibodies
monocyte large circulating white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that fight against fungi and bacteria
allergies an overreaction of the immune system to a substance or allergen
anaphylaxis a severe and rapid allergic reaction that can become life threatening
autoimmune disease a disease caused when the body's own immune system acts against itself
Human Immunodeficiency Virus A virus that causes failure of the immune system by infecting and destroying helper T cells of the immune systems
Rheumatoid arthritis an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
IBD Inflammatory Bowel Disease
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis
SCID Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (disorder)
SLE Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Created by: stilestina
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