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Food Basics11 (CSCA)

CSCA - Shellfish

BAY SCALLOP The smaller of the scallops, usually about the size of a dime to a nickel and are found in northern cold water. Bay scallops are milk white, sweeter and more expensive.
BERRIED FEMALE An egg-carrying female, so called because the eggs look like berries.
BEURRE BLANC An emulsified sauce make with an acid reduction, shallots, and whole butter.
BIVALVE Two-shelled mollusks such as scallops, clams, mussels, and oysters.
BYSSUS THREAD The stringy device with which a mussel spat attaches itself to rocks, poles or ropes, and then grows its shell. Also called the “beard”.
CALICO SCALLOP A tropical water scallop sometimes passed off as Southern Bay Scallops. They are not as white or sweet a Bay Scallops and should be less expensive.
CEPHALOPOD Literally “head-footed”, they are part of the mollusk family. Its shell is inside of its body in the form of a quill. It has tentacles. Examples are squid, cuttlefish and octopus.
CRUSTACEAN The animal is encased with segmented shell, or exoskeletons. Examples are lobsters, shrimp and crab.
CULL/BULLET A cull refers to a lobster with one claw. A bullet refers to a lobster with no claws.
EN PAPILLOTE Food baked inside a wrapping (usually heart shaped) of greased parchment paper. As the food bakes and lets off steam, the parchment puffs up into a dome shape. At the table, the paper is slit and peeled back to reveal the food.
GREEN SHRIMP Shrimp that has never been frozen. Most shrimp is frozen on the boat to prevent it from deteriorating.
MOLLUSK One of the two classifications of shellfish, the other classification being crustaceans. Mollusks include bivalves, univalves and cephalopods.
P&D Peeled and deveined.
PRAWN AKA French spiny lobster or langoustines It can be a.) a tiny lobster-like crustacean with a pale red body and dark red tail. b) a fresh water prawn that looks like a cross between a lobster and a shrimp. A very large shrimp, U/15 and larger.
ROE Eggs of a female fish. Most roe is edible and can be cooked whole in the fish or removed and cooked separately. Once the roe is salted it is referred to as caviar. Lobster roe found in the female is carried on the outside bottom of the tail.
"R" RULE Buy shellfish only in the months that contain an R.
SEA SCALLOP The larger of the scallops available. They are the most often used commercially and are less expensive and not as sweet as the bay scallop.
SEA URCHIN Invertebrate animal that has a round body from which spines protrude. The center is often served raw or it is added to sauces. Though harvested in New England, it is very rare in the United States.
SPAT Oysters and mussels as they begin to grow their shells.
TOMALLEY The greenish colored, when cooked, digestive organ or liver inside the lobster. If eaten, it is often added to sauces.
U/10, U/15, 16-20, 21-25, 26-30 When buying shrimp, these are classifications used to note the number and size of shrimp per pound.
UNIVALVE Also called Gastropod, these are single-shelled mollusks such as abalone, snail, conch, whelk and periwinkle.
Created by: CSCAStudy