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7-16 respiratory

QuestionAnswer
What are the four types of cartilage? Thyroid, cricoid, arytenoid, corniculate
What many of each cartilages are there? 1 thyroid, cricoid 2 arytenoid, corniculate
What is the opening to the larynx? Laryngeal inlet
What cartilage is a swinging door and tenses and adducts to allow different sounds? Arytenoid
What is the cricothyroi cartilage coverd by? Cricoythyroid muscle
What is the superior laryngeal nerve a branch of? Vagus nerve
What are the two branches of the superior laryngeal nerve? Internal and external laryngeal nerves
What artery runs with the internal laryngeal nerve? Superior laryngeal artery
What nerve pierces the thyroid and innervates superior muscles? Internal laryngeal nerve
What nerve and artery go through thyrohyoid membrane? Internal laryngeal n. and superior laryngeal a.
When someone has a raspy voice or no voice at all, what nerve was probably damaged? Recurrent laryngeal nerve
What artery runs with the external laryngeal nerve? Superior thyroid artery
What nerve runs the length of the trachea? Recurrent laryngeal nerve (branch of vagus)
What is the rima glottis? In between true vocal folds
What does the cricothyroid do and what is it innervated by? Stretches and tenses vocal ligament; external laryngeal nerve
What does the posterior crico-arytenoid do and what is it innervated by? Abudcts vocal folds; recurrent laryngeal nerve
What does the transverse arytenoid do and what is it innervated by? Adducts arytenoid cartilages; recurrent laryngeal nerve
What does the thyro-arytenoid do and what is it innervated by? Relaxes vocal ligaments; recurrent laryngeal nerve
What does the lateral crico-arytenoid do and what is it innervated by? Adducts arytenoid cartilages; recurrent laryngeal nerve
What does the oblique arytenoid do and what is it innervated by? Adducts arytenoid cartilages
What does the vocalis do and what is it innervated by? Relaxes posterior vocal ligament; recurrent laryngeal nerve
What does ther vestibular fold form? False vocal cords
What does the sternum protect? The heart
What is the fissure between the right superior and middle lobes called? Horizontal fizzure
What is the fissure between the right middle and inferior lobes called? Oblique fissure
what is the fissure between the left superior and inferior lobes called? Oblique fissure
What is the extension of the superior lobe of the left lung called? Lingula
What do bubbles in the lungs indicate? Fluid buildup
What happens during emphysema? Lose alveoli
What do pneumonia and other infections cause? Adhesions
Why are there different lobes of the lungs? Incase of pathology; part of a lobe or a whole lobe can be removed because they all have their own blood supply
What nerve is posterior to the root of the lungs? Vagus nerve
What nerve is anterior to the root of the lungs? Phrenic nerve
At the hilum, where are the pulmonary arteries in relation to the brochus on the right side? Pulmonary arteries are anterior to the bronchus
At the hilum, where are the pulmonary arteries in relation to the bronchus on the left side? Pulmonary arteries are superior to the bronchus
What covers the trachea, primary bronchi, and secondary bronchi? Cartilage
What are the bronchioles made of? Muscle
What is a collection of alveoli? Alveolar sac
What drives gas exchange? Pressure changes
Are pulmonary veins deoxygenated or oxygenated? Oxygenated
Are pulmonary arteries deoxygenated or oxygenated? Deoxygenated
What is the bifurcation part of the trachea? Carina
What does the carina stimulate? Cough reflex
Why do things get stuck on the right side of the lungs? Primary bronchus is more vertically oriented
Created by: beranml