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Merrill Chpt 3

Arthrology Part 3a

QuestionAnswer
What are depressions? Hollow or depressed areas
What is a fracture? A break in bone
Processes or projections ____ beyond or _____out from the main body of a bone Extend; project
A rounded process at an articular end? Condyle
What is beaklike or crownlike process? Coracoid or coronoid
Describe Crest Ridgelike process
Describe Epicondyle Projection above a condyle
What has a small, smooth-surfaced articular process? Facet
What has a hook-shaped process? Hamulus
Describe Head Expanded end of a long bone
Describe Horn Hornlike process
What has linear elevation, not as prominent as a crest? Line
Describe Malleolus Club-shaped process
Describe Protuberance Projecting prominence
Describe Spine Sharp process
Describe Styloid Long, pointed process
Describe Trochanter Either of the 2 large, rounded and elevated processes of the proximal femur
Describe Tubercle Small, rounded, and elevated process
Tuberosity? Large, rounded, and elevated process
Fissure? Cleft or deep groove
Foramen? Hole in a bone for transmission of vessels & nerves
Fossa? Pit, fovea, or hollow space
Groove? Shallow linear channel
Meatus? Tubelike passageway within bone
Notch? Indentation in the border of a bone
Sinus? Recess, groove, cavity, or hollow space
Sulcus? Furrow or trench
What type of fracture does not break skin? Closed
Does an open fracture break through skin or not? Does not break through skin
Describe a nondisplaced fracture Bone retains normal alignment
A displaced fracture does what? Fracture bones don't remain in anatomical position
Closed, open, nondisplaced, and displaced describe what? Types of bone fractures
Can fractures fall into more than one category? Yes
Compression, compound (open), simple, greenstick, transverse, spiral or oblique, comminuted, and impacted are what? Common classifications of fractures
Which of the following is defined as a beaklike or crownlike process? A. Coronoid process; B. Condyle; C. Epicondyle; D. Malleolus A. Coronoid process
Which of the following is defined as a hole in a bone for transmission of blood vessels and nerves? A. Fissure; B. Groove; C. Sinus; D. Foramen D. Foramen
Created by: swisscheese