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Foot and Toe Muscles

11.3--Muscle Groups

TermDefinition
Tibialis Anterior Origin: Lateral condyle and body of tibia and interosseus membrane Insertion: 1st Metatarsal and 1 cuneiform (medial) Action: Dorsiflexion at ankle and inverts foot (towards midline)
Extensor Hallucis Longus Origin: Anterior surface of fibula Insertion: Distal phalanx of great toe Action: Dorsiflexion and extension of proximal phalanx of hallux
Extensor Digitorum Longus Origin: Tibia; anterior surface of fibula Insertion: middle and distal phalanges of 2-5 Action: Dorsiflexion, extension of toes
Fibularis Tertius Origin: Distal third of fibula Insertion: Base of fifth metatarsal Action: Dorsiflexion; eversion of foot
Fibularis Longus Origin: Head and body of fibula Insertion: 1st metatarsal and cuneiform Action: Plantar flexes foot at ankle and everts foot
Fibularis Brevis Origin: Body of fibula Insertion: Base of fifth metatarsal Action: Plantar flexes and everts foot at metatarsal joints
Gastrocnemius Origin: Lateral and medial condyles of femur and knee Insertion: Calcaneus Action: Plantar flexion, leg flexion
Soleus Origin: Head of fibula and medial border of tibia Insertion: Calcaneus Action: Plantar flexion
Plantaris Origin: Femur superior to lateral condyle Insertion: Calcaneus Action: Plantar flexion and leg flexion
Popliteus Origin: Lateral condyle of femur Insertion: Proximal tibia Action: Flexion of leg and medial roation of tibia
Tibialis Posterior Origin: Tibia, fibula Insertion: 2,3,4 metatarsals, 3 cuneiforms and cuboid Action: Plantar flexion; inversion of foot
Flexor Digitorum longus Origin: Posterior of tibia Insertion: Distal phalanges 2-5 Action: Plantar flexion. Flexion of phalanges
Flexor Hallucis Longus Origin: Inferior 2/3ds of fibula Insertion: Hallux Action: Plantar flexion and flexion of hallux
Created by: 100000434525601