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FTCE K-6 Sci&Tech
FTCE SAE Elementary Education Science & Technology
|what scientific device would be used to map the ocean floor
|what scientific device would be used to measure the intensity of an earthquake
|if a test tube was not available, and you needed to measure 20mL of a liquid, what would be appropriate to use?
|Out of these choices, which is in plant cells but not animal cells? chloroplast, mitochondrion, cytoplasm, nucleus
|A strawberry appears to be red because?
|the color red is REFLECTED by the skin of the strawberry
|which of the following is an example of a mixture? (sand, nitrogen, sugar, water)
|which of the following is an example of an element? (sand, nitrogen, sugar, water)
|Sugar is an example of a
|what part of an atom has a neutral charge?
|what part of an atom is not located in the nucleus?
|how many degree differentiate Fahrenheit and Celsius?
|Order the planets from closest to farthest from the sun
|Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
|why did we use to have nine planets and now only have eight?
|Pluto was the ninth plants, and was considered to be the smallest at the time. It is now considered to be one of Neptune's moons
|what is Saturn known for?
|which planet is the largest
|what part of the atom has a positive charge?
|how many protons versus electrons versus neutrons are there?
|there are the same number of protons and electrons. the number of neutrons are given by the mass number
|what species of animal is warm blooded, and gives live births?
|What are the 3 states of matter?
|Solid, liquid, gas
|the amount of space matter takes up. You can find the volume of an object by seeing how much water it displaces.
|The force of gravity on an object. Not to be interchanged with mass.
|do not alter the molecular structure but do alter the physical appearance of the matter.
|alter the molecular structure of matter
|the ratio of mass to volume.
|2 or more compounds can combine or break down to form new compounds with new molecular structures.
|made of one type of atom. Each element is represented by one or two letter and a number. Each element has an atomic number which is the number of protons in the atom.
|made of several types of atoms chemically combined in specific proportion
|made of several types of molecules but not chemically combined.
|the smallest particle of a substance that retains properties of the substance and can exist independently.
|invisible, basic building block of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
|Protons and Neutrons
|are in the Nucleus. Protons have a positive charge.Neutron have neutral charge.
|are in the outer portion of the atom. They have a negative charge.
|the energy of a moving molecule
|the ability of matter to move other matter or produce a chemical change
|3 Types of Energy
|Heat energy- electrical energy, Mechanical energy- wave energy, Chemical energy- nuclear energy
|0 degrees is freezing and 100 degrees is boiling.
|32 degrees is freezing and 212 degrees is boiling
|the measure of how hot or cold a body is in relation to a standard.
|a push or pull
|Two types of force and examples
|1) contact- machines(mechanical), 2) distance (magnetic force)
|the power resulting from electricity as an attractive or repulsive interaction between two charged objects. Positive and negative oppositely charged objects will attract each other. Like charges will repel each other.
|the attraction or pull of objects in the universe toward one another such as the moon, the sun, and Earth.
|the materials that will attract materials made of iron, steel, cobalt, or nickel. The magnet is strongest at the ends or poles.
|surfaces that touch have resistance to motion. Produces Static Electricity
|Two types of friction and what they do?
|static- objects touch...no move, kinetic- objects touch and move
|What is the direction of friction force?
|Opposite of the direction of motion.
|Rubbing materials together cause the transfer of electrons from one material to another. (make item more negatively charged)
|• Centripetal force
|is a force that makes a body follow a curved path.
|is the resistance for an object to change its state of motion.
|• Unbalanced Force:
|always causes a change in motion. The object with the greatest force will cause the other object to move.
|• Balanced Force:
|does not cause movement because two objects are balanced.
|• Centrifugal force
|represents the effects of inertia that arise in connection with rotation and which are experienced as an outward force away from the center of rotation.
|List the money forms of energy
|heat, light, sound
|Is energy potential or kinetic?
|energy of motion
|How does sound occur?
|An object vibrates rapidly
|How do sound vibrations travel?
|How does sound occur in humans?
|1) sound wave reaches ear 2) ear carries sound to auditory nerve 3) auditory nerve carries sound to brain
|is the high or low tone to the sound.
|is the vibration of parts or as a whole that affects sound quality.
|is the loudness or softness of the sound.
|What produces an electrical current?
|the flow of electrons
|is made of a single path through which all electric currents must flow.
|allow the flow of electrons
|do not allow the flow of electrons
|study of the composition and structure of the Earth
|What are the Three layers of Earth crust? describe them.
|Crust- outerlayer composed of bedrock, 1)Mantle- semi-molten layer between the crust and the core, 2)Core- solid iron and nickel 3)middle part of the Earth
|cracks in the crust and are the results of movements in the plates.
|measures earthquakes using the Richter scale
|occur when plate slide past each other quickly.
|are mountains that form when two pieces of crust move away from each other and allow molten rock to rise up.
|is molten rock under the crust of the earth.
|magma on the earth’s surface coming up and out of the volcano it cools and hardens on the Earth’s surface or forms rivers of hot lava.
|the movement and change in position of the continents over the Earth’s surface
|creation of new ocean floor crust at mid-ocean ridges and movement of the crust away from the mid-ocean ridges.
|preserved remnants or marks (such as footprints) made by animals and plants that were once alive.
|a theory explaining the movement of the plates that form the earth’s crust. At the edge of the plates there are things like volcanoes, earthquakes, and mountain building.
|How do fossils form?
|sediment covers animals or marks and hardens into rocks
|naturally occurring solids found on or below Earth’s surface.Can be just one element or compounds.
|rocks that have morphed into other kinds of rocks because of extreme heat and pressure. Marble is a metamorphic rock.
|these are fire rocks or cooled magma. They are formed above or below ground. Melted rock, magma, become trapped in pockets and then cools forming igneous rock. When magma rises to the Earth’s surface, it is called lava. Granite is an igneous rock.
|the form due to water or wind affecting pieces of earth. These bits of earth become rocks over thousands and millions of years. Limestone is a sedimentary rock.
|is the wearing away of the earth and rocks by wind, running water, and glaciers.
|Precipitation, evaporation, condensation,transpiration
|water transfers from solid to gas
|water becomes vapor and occurs more in warmer weather and when large bodies of water are present
|water that falls to the earth in the form of rain, snow and sleet.
|a huge body of air that covers the earth’s surface forming when there is a difference in temperature and humidity in that part of atmosphere.
|occur because land heats faster than water. Cool ocean breezes moving towards land usually begin mid-morning and end at sunset.
|Air masses moving towards and away from earth are called?
|when two air masses meet the boundary between them is called a front and usually has stormy weather.
|huge wind systems that are seasonal.
|winds of high speed that travel in belts around the earth.
|the air temperature when water vapor begins to condense.
|storms form over oceans with warm, moist air and forms a storm system with an “eye” a longer lasting storm that is slow moving with high winds.
|are short-lived storms that are formed by winds over land.
|What are thunderstorms made up of?
|dark cumulus clouds with thunder and lightning.
|a mixture of water, air, minerals, and organic materials.
|describe the 3 components that make up soil.
|1)Sand- 2)Silt- 3) Clay- smallest
|underground layer of water-bearing, porous rock. This layer of porous rock holds liquids like water, gas, or oil.
|when the upper layer of earth collapses into a hole beneath.
|container that holds liquids or the collection of water by artificial means such as a beaver’s dam or man-made lake.
|Liquids move through the porous rock leaving minerals behind.
|represent distances by ratio
|offer additional information about the map in the form of symbols and what they represent.
|provide information about the earth
|provide information about altitudes of land forms
|give the cardinal directions of N,S, E, W.
|measured by parallels and is the distance from the Equator.
|measured by meridians- distance east and west of the Prime Meridian.
|lines that run east to west on a map.
|the meridian line that has a measurement of 0% E-W.
|imaginary lines on maps showing quad. of the earth that run from n. pole to s. pole, 360 of them in 1% increments.
|What element is the sun made up of?
|The eight planets plus one dwarf
|mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune and PLUTO
|What are the inner planets composed of (Mercury-Mars)
|rocky and metallic minerals
|What are the outer planets made up of?
|is used to express distance from the sun. 1 AU is the distance from the Earth to the sun.
|composed of particles of rock and metal.As it travels through the earth’s atmosphere its surface heats up and begins to burn. This is what we see as a shooting star.
|optical telescope that orbits around the earth.
|mass of frozen gas and rocky particles. Comets have a nucleus and tail.
|What was Sputnik and when was it launched?
|Russian rocket. Oct. 4, 1957
|What was the significance of Sputnik?
|Created great Space Race. Gov. funded more math and science in the schools.
|National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA)-
|established by Congress in 1958 to coordinate space research.
|When and on what mission did we land on the moon?
|Apollo 2 July 20, 1969 Who walked on the moon?
|How often does the moon orbit the earth?
|every 27 days.
|What causes tides?
|gravitational pull of the moon.
|What causes seasons on Earth?
|tilt of the Earth and revolution around the sun.
|Does the Earth change distance from the sun?
|No, Earth is always the same distance from the sun.
|What are cells?
|basic structural unit of living things.
|All living organisms are ____ based?
|include all living things that are too small to be seen by the naked human eye. Like fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protists
|reproduce via spores and include yeasts and mold.
|one-celled organism that can live inside or outside a cell.
|What is the only way to protect against a virus?
|genetic molecules encased in a protein shell called capsid. Host cell are required for virus to reproduce. Antibiotics are ineffective against viruses.
|Hold DNA and directs cell activity
|takes energy from glucose in cells to use for cellular activity
|jelly like substance within a cell but not in the nucleus
|contains chlorophyll used by green plants to make food.
|organism that has adapted to every habitat. Some are helpful and some are harmful to humans most have no effect.
|used for precise measurements
|used to separate visible light into its component colors
|-used to see objects very far away and magnify them
|used to magnify microscopic organisms
|controls movement of materials in and out of cell.
|Makes proteins from amino acids
|gives a structure to plant cells
|describe this phases of plant cell metabolism: Diffusion
|the movement of chemicals from high areas of concentration to low areas.
|group of the same kind of cells.
|controls muscle function
|attach muscles to bones
|hold bones together
|two bones come together
|consists of over 200 bones
|composed of bones, cartilage, and ligaments
|group of tissues working together
|controls muscles and movement of the skeleton and movement within the organs.
|nerve terminals that relay information back to the brain
|involuntary responses from the nervous system
|receives and processes foods: Includes mouth, esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine.
|Process of digestion?
|chewing, breaks down foods with saliva.The stomach chemically breaks down the food with gastric and intestinal juices.The smooth muscles push the food down the small intestine which absorbs nutrients.The large intestine which absorb water.
|eliminates waste from the body: Includes lungs, kidneys, bladders, large intestine, rectum, and skin.
|internal transport of blood: Includes the heart, blood vessels, lymph vessels, blood and lymph.
|4 chambered muscle; upper chambers are atria; lower chambers ventricles
|the way the body protects itself from foreign proteins and microorganisms. The body produces antibodies and lymphocytes to destroy invaders.
|expansion and contraction of lungs
|Process of respiratory system?
|Oxygen enters tiny capillaries in lungs and combines with hemoglobin in red blood cells; then the capillaries carry the red blood cells to the tissues while the lungs exhale the carbon dioxide. Some animals use gills for respiration.
|organs for the reproduction of life; different in males and females.
|Two types of reproductive system?
|sexual (sperm unites with egg), asexual (one parent through fission- splitting of organism)
|the nitrogen in the air remains constant
|materials that disrupt the ecosystem’s normal functioning.
|rain or precipitation that contains high levels of sulfuric and nitric acid that can pollute drinking water, erode building and hurt animal and plant life. Caused by volcanoes, forest fires and gas burning.
|all living and nonliving things in the environment and how they interact.
|shows the relationship of things in an ecosystem and how they rely on one another.
|study of the relationship between living things.
|resources that can be depleted such as oil
|can endure indefinitely under proper circumstances (vegetation)
|reliance of people on the world
|is using natural areas without disrupting their ecosystems.
|Parts of the scientific method?
|• Posing a Question, • Research/Organize, • Form a Hypothesis/Prediction, • Experiment, • Observe and Record Data, • Draw a Conclusion/ Inference, • Apply Knowledge
|What is the scientific method?
|A process of observation and analysis of observation; helps to develop an understanding of the world.
|Usually in graph or chart form, diagrams, tables
|Factors that influence an experiment
|What must questions have to be testable?
|Have specific variables that can be tested.
|Inductive reasoning, moves from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories. Inquiry or discovery lessons are inductive and promote higher-order thinking and creativity in problem solving.
|Inquiry/ discovery -
|learning by investigation and questioning
|:works from the more general to the more specific
|when a seed begins to grow as it gets enough water
|the way that water passes out of the leaves and into the air as vapor.