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Anatomy and Physicology

QuestionAnswer
Human Anatomy the study and structure of the human body and its parts.
Gross Human Anatomy large structure of the human body, can be seen through dissection.
Microscopic Anatomy small structures that can only be seen through a microscope.
Human Physiology the scientific study of the function or process of the human body.
Reproductive System creates new life
Urinary System eliminates waste
Nervous System coordinates body activites
Muscular System produces movement
Respiratory System exchange gases
Skeletal System protects organs
Lympathic System returns tissue to the blood
Integumentary System covers and protects the body(skin)
Digestive System absorbs nutrients in to the blood
Endocrine System regulates metabolic activities and secretes hormones
Cardiovascular System transports material, fight disease (heart and blood)
Homeostasis the constant internal environment that must be maintained for the cells of the body.
Anatomic Position face forward, arms st the sides, palms and toes forward
Superior a part above another part
Anterior toward the front
Medial toward or near the midline of the body
Inferior a part is below another part
Posterior toward the back
Lateral toward, or near, the side, away from the midline
Proximal closer to a point of attachment
Distal farther away from the point of attachment
Superficial located on or near the surface(outermost layer)
Deep a part is away from the surface
Visceral pertains to internal organs or the covering of organs
Parietal the walls of the body cavity
Sagittal Plane (Longitudinal Section) divides the body into right and left portions
Midsagittal Plane divides the body into right and left halves
Transverse Plane divides the body into superior and inferior
Frontal Plane divides the body into anterior and posterior
Epidermis the skin
What are the two main body cavities? dorsal and ventral cavity
The cranial and spinal cavity make up what cavity? dorsal cavity
The cranial cavity contains? the brain
The spinal cavity contains? the spinal cord
The ventral cavity subdivides into what two cavities? thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
The thoracic cavity is superior to what cavity? abdominopelvic cavity
What does the thoracic cavity contain? heart, lungs, esophagus, and trachea
The neck, head, and trunk make up what region? axial region
What portion consist the limbs? appendicular
Cell structure and Function (Plasma membrane) controls what goes in the cell
Cell structure and Function (Cytoplasm) gel-like fluid in the cell
Cell structure and Function (Nucleus) controls the cell and contains DNA
Cell structure and Function (Mitochondria) turns energy into nutrients
Cell structure and Function (ribosomes) synthesize protein
Cell structure and Function (cilia) wavelike motion to move substances across cell
Cell structure and Function (Flagella) whiplike motion to move the cell
Diffusion movement of substances from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration
Nucleous form ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum transports material through the cytoplasm
Phagocytosis the engulfing and destruction of foriegn particles such as bacteria
Pinocytosis the formation of vesicles to transfer fluid droplets into cell: cell drinking
Osmosis diffusion of water through a selectively peremable membrane
Passive transport the process that moves substances across or through a membrane and does not require cellular energy
negative Feedback a response mechanism of the body in which a stimulus initiates reactions that reduces the stimulus
Interphase the period between active cell division
Anatomic Postition face, forward, arms at the sides, palms and toes forward.
Superficial located on or near the surface (outermost)
Medial toward the midline of the body
Distal farther away from the point of attachment
Anterior toward the front
Proximal closer to a point of attachment
Posterior toward the back
Visceral pertains to internal organs or the covering of organs
Chromosomes located in the nucleus of the cell, there is 46 in the normal human cell
genes regions in the chromosomes, determines hereditary characteristics
DNA is a genetic material that regulates the activities of the cell
The level of Organization(Chemical Level) atom interaction
The Level of Organization (cell) basic living unit of all living things
The level of Organization (tissue) group of similar cells working together to complete a specific function
The level of Organization (organ) two or more kinds of tissue working together to perform a specific body function
The level of organization (body system) organs working together to perform a complex body function
contracting tissue that produces movement muscle tissue
Created by: MERCEDESBROOKS
 

 



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