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Med Term Exam #1

Chapters 1,2,3,7,10,11 (Mid-Term)

Bradycardia Slow heartbeat less than 60 bpm
Cardiomegaly Hypertrophy or abnormal enlargement of the heart
Hemorrhage Escape of blood from blood vessels in a short period of time
Splenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Tachycardia Excessive rapidity of the heart-above 100 bpm in adult
Tachypnea Abnormal rapid rate of breathing
Homeostasis Interruption of blood flow through a vessel or body part
Phlebotomy Drawing of blood by needle puncture of a vein
Psychologist One who specialize in the study and treatment of the mind
Psychology Branch of science that study the mind and mental processes
Paraplegia Paralysis of the leg and lower portion of the body
Parkinson's Disease Chronis Progressive degenerative neurologic disorder of the CNS
Poliomyelitis Inflammation of the gray matter in the spinal cord-acute infectious disease
Pathology The study of disease
Oncologist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (tumors)
Oncology Study of cancer (tumors)
Inflammation A response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, pain, heat
Neoplasm Abnormal growth of new tissue--malignant or benign
Neuroma neoplasm growing from a nerve or composed of nerve cells and fibers
Sarcoma Often malignant neoplasm of soft tissues.
Benign not cancerous, not recurrent
Carcinogenic Promoting or producing cancer. Pertaining to a carcinogen
Chemotherapy The use of chemical agents to destroy cancer cells on a selective basis using pharmaceuticals
Cytogenic Pertaining to the formation of cells
Cytoid Resembling a cell
Diagnosis Identification of a disease
Malignant Tending to become progressively worse and to result in death
Pathogenic Capable of causing morbid symptoms or disease
Prognosis Prediction of a possible outcome of a disease
Remission Lessening or absence of signs of disease
Coronal plane Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions-vertical field is side to side
Frontal plane Same as coronal plane
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into right and left halves-vertical field runs through body front/back
Transverse Plane Divides the body into superior and inferior portions-
Anterosuperior Situated anteriorly or superiorly
Cephalocaudad Combining form denoting relationship to the head. Toward the tail or posterior end of body
Distal Away from or farthest from point of attachment
Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Dorsocephalad Directed toward the back of the head
Inferior Situated below another part
Inferolateral Located on the side of the inferior side
Lateral Pertaining to a side
Medial Pertaining to the middle
Mediolateral Pertaining to the middle and side
Ventrodorsal Pertaining to belly/front of body and back of the body
Melanoderma Abnormally elevated amount of melanin in the skin. results in darker than normal skin
Xanthoderma Any yellowish discoloration of the skin
Abscess Collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue and cause by localized infection
Basal cell carcinoma Tumor arising from the outer layer of the skin. (epithelial layer)
Dermititis Inflammation of the skin
Erythroderma Abnormal redness of the skin
Squamous cell carcinoma Malignant growth that develops from scale like epithelial tissue
Onychomycosis Abnormal condition of fungus in the nail
Laceration torn, ragged edge wound
Leukoderma White skin. Acquired form of skin depigment
Biopsy Removal of living tissue from the body for examination, under a microscope
Bradykinesia Abnormally slow muscle movement & is a symptom of Parkinson's Disease
Atrophy Wasting away or decrease in size or activity of a body part
Dystrophy A condition of abnormal development from defective nutrition
Dyskinesia Any condition of impairment or distortion of voluntary movement--as in a spasm
Arthrodesis Surgical fixation of a joint
Arthroscope Endoscope used for visual examination of a joint
Arthroscopic Pertaining to the visual examination of a joint
Arthroscopy Visual examination of a joint interior through incision
Electromyogram Record of electrical activity of the muscles
Meningitis Inflammation of the maninges
Hydrocephalus Congenital disorder caused by increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain
Magnetic Resonance Imaging A non invasive medical image technique-uses radio frequency as its energy source & produces images w/out radiation or contrast medium
Encephalomeyelopathy Any disease or condition of the brain and spinal cord
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
Alzheimer Disease Progressive degenerative disease of the brain-personality changes, confusion, restlessness, early senility, memory loss leading to demetia
Neurology The study of nerves
Neurologist Physician who studies & treats disease of the Nervous System
Myelography Process of radiographic imaging of the spinal cord after contrast medium
Myelogram Radiographic image of the spinal cord after a radiopaque contrast medium into subarchnoid space
electroencephalograph Instrument used for recording electrical activity of the brain
Electroencephalogram A graphic chart that traces & records electrical activity produced by the brain cells
Cerebral Angiography Radiographic image of the vascular system of the brain after injection of radiopaque contrast medium
Neurorrhaphy The suturing of a cut nerve
Dysphasia Impairment of speech caused by injury to speech center area of the brain
Cephalalgia or Cephalgia Pain in the head (headache)
Chondrectomy Surgical removal of a cartilage
Aphasia Speech disorder-loss or defect in ability to speak, write, or comprehend spoken or written language
Costectomy Surgical removal of a rib
Carpectomy Excision of a carpal/wrist bone
Bursotomy Incision into the bursa
Bursectomy Surgical removal of a bursa
Vertebral Pertaining to the vertebra
Meningocele Saclike hernia protrusion of the meninges through a bony defect in the skull or vertebral column
Meningomyelitis Inflammation of the meninges & spinal cord
Multiple Sclerosis Slow progressing degenerative disease characterized by demyelination of the nerve fibers of the brain & spinal cord
Neuralgia Pain extending along one or more nerves
Neurasthenia Nerve weakness of the Nervous system
Stroke disorder caused by interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain. depriving nerve cells oxygen & nutrients
Stroke is also known as Cerebrovascular accident
Seizure Sudden, abnormal surge of electrical activity in the brain, resulting in involuntary body movements or behaviors
CA Cancer, carcinoma
Chemo Chemotherapy
Dx Diagnosis
Px Prognosis
XRT Radiation Therapy
AP Anteroposterior
med medical
lat lateral
post posterior
BCC Basal Cell Carcinoma
Bx Biopsy
RBC red blood cell
WBC white blood cell
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft
TIA Transient ischemic attack
LP Lumbar Puncture
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
AD Alzheimer Disease
OA Osteoarthritis
MI Myocardial infarction
HF heart failure
EKG electrocardiogram
EEG electroencephalogram
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CBC Complete blood count
Created by: tnaturalbeauty