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Vertebral Column

7.4--Vertebral Column

TermDefinition
CONVEX CURVES CERVICAL AND LUMBAR (BULGE OUT
CONCAVE CURVES THORACIC; SACRAL; (CUP IN)
PRIMARY CURVE DEVELOP FIRST; THORACIC AND SACRAL
SECONDARY CURVE CERVICAL AND LUMBAR
INTERVERTEBRAL DISCS 2ND CERVICAL VERTEBRA TO SACRUM; FOUND BETWEEN ADJACENT VERTEBRAE. ABSORB SHOCK AND ALLOW MOVEMENTS
ANNULUS FIBROSUS; NUCLEUS PULPOSUS FIBROCARTILAGE EXTERIOR OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISK; PULPY INSIDE OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISK
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE 7; MOST VARIED. FIRST 2 ARE DIFFERENT. ARCHES LARGER, BUT BODIES SMALLER. VERTEBRAL FORAMINA ARE LARGEST
THORACIC VERTEBRAE 12
LUMBAR VERTEBRAE 5
SACRUM FUSED (5) SACRAL VERTEBRAE
COCCYX TAIL; FOUR FUSED COCCYGEAL VERTEBRAE
VERTEBRAL BODY LARGEST PORTION; FORMS ANTERIOR BLOCKLIKE MASS OF BONE; WEIGHT BEARING. DISKS LIE BETWEEN VERTEBRAL BODIES
VERTEBRAL ARCH EXTENDS POSTERIORLY FROM VERTEBRAL BODY; SURROUNDS SPINAL CORD. NUMEROUS BONY PROJECTION. PEDICLES FORM BASE
PEDICLES AND LAMINAE THICK PROCESSES, BASE OF ARCH; FLAT PARTS THAT JOIN POSTERIOR PORTION. COMBINE TOGETHER
VERTEBRAL FORAMEN LIE BETWEEN ARCH AND BODY; CONTAINS SPINAL CORD. MAKES UP VERTEBRAL CANAL
VERTEBRAL NOTCES SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR INDENTATIONS ON PEDICLES
INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMEN OPEN SPACE LEFT BETWEEN STACKING VERTEBRAL NOTCHES ON POSTERIOR SIDE OF VERTEBRAE PERMITS PASSAGE OF SINGLE SPINAL NERVE
SUPERIOR ARTICULAR FACET, SUPERIOR FACET, AND INFERIOR ARTICULAR FACET ALL HAVE CARTILAGE FOR JOINT FORMATION.
TUBERCLE OF RIB ARTICULAR FACET FORMS JOINT WITH RIB
TRANSVERSE PROCESS ONE ON EACH SIDE; JUT OUT
SPINOUS PROCESS SPINE
SUPERIOR ARTICULAR PROCESSES 2X; FORM JOINTS WITH 2 INFERIOR ARTICULAR PROCESS SUPERIOR TO THEM
TRANSVERSE FORAMINA FORAMINA ON THE TRANSVERSE PROCESSES OF VERTEBRAL ARCHES ON CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
BIFID BRANCHING OF SPINAL PROCESS INTO TWO PROJECTIONS
ATLAS C1; RING BONE THAT SUPPORTS HEAD. HAS ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR ARCHES WITH LARGE LATERAL MASSES. LACKS SPINOUS PROCESS AND VERTEBRAL BODY
SUPERIOR ARTICULAR FACETS (ATLAS) ARTICULATE WITH OCCIPITAL CONDYLES TO FORM ATLANTO-OCCIPITAL JOINT
AXIS C2; VERTEBRAL BODY; FEATURES DENS (TOOTH) PROJECTING FROM BODY. PROVIDES PIVOT FOR HEAD TO TROTATE
ATLANTO-AXIAL JOINT ARTICULATION BETWEEN AXIS AND ATLAS VIA DENS OF VERTEBRAL BOY
VERTEBRA PROMINENES AKIN TO A THORACIC VERTEBRAE
Created by: 100000434525601
 

 



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