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clinical 1 32

pharmacology clinical 1

the study and practice of compounding and dispensing medical preparations pharmacology
drugs that have an effect only where applied are categorized as local
drugs that have an effect in an area other than where they were applied are categorized as remote
drugs that have an effect throughout the entire body are categorized as systemic
sterile solution to be applied into the eyes, ears or nose drops
medication that is breathed in through the nose and mouth inhalants
medication suspended in alcohol or water liquid
ointments, creams, or lotions to apply directly onto the skin skin preparations
bullet shaped tablets that melt easily at body temperature suppositories
medication that is bound together by substances that dissolve in stomach acids tablets
adnesive patch with time released medication in it transdermal patch
the primary system of measurement used in medicine metric system
this unit measures mass(wieght) gram(g)
this unit measures voume(liquid) liter(L)
this unit measures length(size) meter(m)
drop gtt
teaspoon t ot tsp
tablespoon T ot tbsp
fluid ounce fl oz
ounce(weight) oz
pound lb
5ml= 1 tsp
3tsp = 1Tbsp
1 tsp = 5ml or 5cc
30ml or 30cc = 1 oz
medication that may be swallowed in solid or liqud form is given orally or po(by mouth)
medication injected directly into a muscle intramuscular (IM)
medication delivered into the spinal canal by injection or infusion intrathecal
mediacation delivered directly into a vein by injection or infusion intravenous (IV)
injection of medication just below the cutaneous layer of the skin subcutaneous (sq)
medication injected at a shallow angle just under the dermis of the skin intradermal (ID)
medication placed under the tongue for fast absorption in the form of a dissolveable tablet sublingual
intradermal injections are given at what angle 15 degrees
an example of when an intradermal method of injection is used tuberculin and allergy testing
IM injections are given at what angle 90 degrees
a written order prepared by a licensed provider authorizing medication to be dispensed to a pt for administration is call a prescription
DAW written on a prescription means dispense as written
supplementary labels on a prescription bottle are to alert the patient of any warnings or special instructions about the medication
what are the seven rights of medication administration patient,medication,dose,route,time,technique,documentation
to ensure that the right medication is given, the order should be checked and verified how many times three
ac before meals
bid twice a day
npo nothing by mouth
pc after meals
po by mouth
prn as needed
qh every hour
Rx prescription
Sig directions,dispense
sol solution
STAT immediately
tid three times a day
gtt drop
MA's are allowed to administer medications by what routes unless otherwise stated by state law oral,inhaled,topical,rectal,vaginal,injectable
MA's may not access or do anyhing with what type of medication route IV
first step in preparing to draw up medication for injecton is to clean the top of the vial with an alcohol swab
when giving an IM injection what length and gage should the needle be 1 to 2 inches and 20g to 23g
what is the preferred site for IM injections on infants an small children vastus lateralis
what are other acceptable sites for IM injections on older children and adults deltoid; ventrogluteal; vastus lateralis
medication doses are usually measured in g, mg, mcg, units
insulin syringes come in 100units
100units is equal to 1ml or 1cc
one kg is equal to 2.2lbs
c with
x except
qhs every hour of sleep
qid four times a day
kg kilogram
mg milligram
ml milliliter
tab tablet
medications that can be given IM analgesics(narcotics);antibiotics, steroids; vaccines; hormones
medications that can be given SC insulin; heparin; allergy shots;lovenox; narcotics
what angle are subcutaneous injections given 45 degrees
what gage and length needle are used for SC injections 23-25g; 1/2-5/8"
when preparing to withdraw medication from a vial how much air should you inject into the vial prior? the same amount of air is introduced as the amount of medication that you need to withdraw
When performing an IM injection, what should you do to ensure that you are not in a major blood vessel?(except for vaccines) aspirate
the deltoid is located 1-2 inches below the acromion process
maximum volume that can be injected into the deltoid muscle 1ml
this refers to the lumen or opening of the needle gage
the smaller the # of the gage the bigger the lumen of the needle
the bigger the # of the gage the smaller the lumen of the needle
who documents IV insertion the person who performed the procedure
what injections are gently massaged after to disperse the medication with the exception of insulin; heparin; lovenox IM and SC
what gage and length needle are used for an ID injection 25-27g; 3/8-1/2"
what position is unacceptable for a patient when receiving an injection standing
what should you confirm just prior to administering an injection the patients allergy status
how long should a patient be monitored for signs of anaphylaxis following an injection 20-30 minutes
Created by: clarevoyant1019
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