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Funct of Bones/Types

6.1, 6.2 -- Function of Bones and Types

TermDefinition
FUNCTION -- SUPPORT STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK
FUNCTION--PROTECTION PROTECTS INTERNAL ORGANS
FUNCTION--ASSISTANCE IN MOVEMENT MUSCLES --> BONES VIA TENDONS; PULLING ON BONE PRODUCES MOTION
FUNCTION--MINERAL STORAGE AND RELEASE MINERALS ADD STRENGTH TO BONE; RELEASE OF MINERALS IN BLOOD MAINTAINS BALANCES
FUNCTION--BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION RED BONE MARROW PRODUCES ALL TYPES OF BLOOD CELLS; WITH AGE, RED-->YELLOW MARROW
HEMOPOIESIS BLOOD PRODUCTION VIA RED BONE MARROW
FUNCTION--TRIGLYCERIDE STORAGE YELLOW BONE MARROW = ADIPOSE CELLS WHICH STORE TRIGLYCERIDES
TYPE--LONG BONES GREATER LENGTH THAN WIDTH. HAVE DIAPHYSIS (SHAFT) AND VARIABLE NUMBER OF EPIPHYSES (EXTREMES). SLIGHTLY CURVED TO ABSORB STRESS.
COMPACT BONE TISSUE AND SPONGY BONE TISSUE DENSE AND SMALL SPACES; LARGE SPACES (RESPECTIVELY)
TYPE--SHORT BONES CUBE SHAPED; EQUAL IN ALL DIMENSIONS. MOSTLY SPONGY BONE TISSUE, EXCEPT AT SURFACE (COMPACT).
TYPE--FLAT BONES THIN, TWO NEARLY PARALLEL PLATES OF COMPACT BONE (TABLES) ENCLOSING SPONGY BONE (DIPLOE). HIGH PROTECTION AND MUSCLE ATTACHMENT
TYPE--IRREGULAR BONES COMPLEX SHAPES; VARY IN COMPOSITION
TYPE--SESAMOID BONES HIGH FRICTION, COMPRESSION AND STRESS AREAS. PROTECT TENDONS FROM WEAR AND TEAR. CHANGE DIRECTION OF PULL OF A TENDON.
TYPE--SUTURAL BONE SMALL BONES IN SUTURES (JOINTS) OF CRANIAL BONES
Created by: 100000434525601
 

 



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