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Chapter 1

Introduction to Healthcare Terminology

gloss/o (Greek) tongue
-itis inflammation
bi- two
lingu/o (Latin) tongue
-al pertaining to
sub- under
arthr/o joint
gastr/o stomach
ophthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
hepat/o liver
-algia pain
-tomy incision
-scope instrument to view
-logy study of
-plasty surgical repair
-icle small,tiny
-is structure
-ole small,tiny
-ule small,tiny
-um structure,thing,membrane
-y process of
-ac pertaining to
cardi/o heart
cut/o skin
hypo under,below
derm/o skin
arteri/o artery
ven/o vein
endo within
a-,an- no,not,without
troph/o development
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
cervic/o neck,cervix
valvul/o valve
coron/o heart,crown
esophag/o esophagus
cutane/o skin
-cele herniation
-dynia pain
-emia blood condition
-ia condition
-malacia softening
chondr/o cartilage
-megaly enlargement
spleen/o spleen
-oma tumor,mass
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease process
oste/o bone
psych/o mind
-ptosis prolapse
hyster/o uterus
-rrhage,-rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhea discharge,flow
-rrhexis rupture
cyst/o bladder,sac
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
trache/o trachea,windpipe
-stenosis abnormal condition of narrowing
-graphy process of recording
-metry process of measuring
-opsy process of viewing
mamm/o breast
spir/o breathing
bi/o living,life
-ectomy removal,resection,excision
-rrhapy suture
-stomy new opening
-tripsy crushing
col/o colon,large intestine
lith/o stone
-graph instrument to record
-meter instrument to measure
-tome instrument to cut
-scope instrument to view
-tripter machine to crush
-trite instrument to crush
electr/o electricity
therm/o temperature, heat
-er one who
-iatrician one who specializes in treatment
-logist one who specializes in the study
-iatrics treatment
-iatrist one who specializes in treatment
-iatry process of treatment
-ist one who specializes
ante- forward, in front of,before
anti- against
dys- abnormal
-trophy process of nourishment
pne/o,spir/o breathing
vers/o turning
bacteri/o bacteria
epi- above
hyper- excessive,above
glyc/o sugar,glucose
inter- between
intra- within
neo- new
vertebr/o vertebra, backbone
muscul/o,my/o muscle
nat/o birth,born
par- near
para- abnormal
per- through
peri- surrounding,around
poly- many,much,excessive,frequent
phil/o attraction
neur/o nerve
post- after,behind
pre- before, in front
trans- through,across
urethr/o urethra
cephal/o head
denti/o tooth
lipid/o lipid,fat
ped/o child
somn/o sleep
tonsill/o tonsil
Created by: khadun8571