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Chapter 21 - Test 3

History 1302 - Test 3

QuestionAnswer
Explain why Americans became interested in overseas empires in the late 19th century the end of the frontier sparked fears about diminishing opportunities at home; farms looked for overseas markets; importance of foreign markets continued economic growth - NOT BRITISH WARS
Discuss the tenets of Social Darwinism espoused by Josiah Strong Civilize the world under Anglo-Saxon races; Christianity; Anglo-Saxon superiority; God made Americans Christian
Describe the basic goals of the 19th century American foreign policy Wanted to gain Hawaii - did not want Africa
List the foreign policy goals of William H. Seward Canada and Mexico; Islands in Caribbean to protect canal across the Isthmus; Hawaii and other islands as a stepping stone to Asia
Explain US foreign policy towards Latin America from 1869-1896 Eroded European influence in Latin America - diverted Latin American trade through a series of reciprocity treaties; US supported Venezuela against Great Britain
Discuss the US relationship with Hawaii in the 19th century 1875: US granted Hawaiian sugar free entry; Queen Liliuokalani retaliated 1887: US granted port facilities (in Samoa) Pearl Harbor 1899: US shared control with Germany
Explain why Americans favored the annexation of Hawaii wanted it as a military base; fear of other countries getting it; depended on the sugar; NOT PINEAPPLE
List the participants in the dispute over Pago Pago in 1889 US, Great Britain, Germany
Describe Alfread Thayer Mahan's arguments for a new Navy overseas markets are essential for industrial surpluses;markets involved distant ports; reaching them required a large merchant marine and a strong navy to protect it at sea
List the causes of the Spanish American War Rebellion in Cuba; "Yellow Press" whipped up US sentiment to favor Cuban independence; explosion of the Maine; congress declared Cuba independent; passed "Teller Amendment"
Describe the types of US troops used in the Spanish American War US regular army too small; ill prepared; had black soldiers; there was NO draft
List the major campaigns and ranking officers involved in the Spanish American War Commodore George Dewey - against the Spanish base in the Philippines; Admiral William T Sampson against Admiral Pascaul Cever's main fleet; Rough riders; San Juan Hill
Describe the New American Empire after the Spanish American War Fate of the Philippines was the thorniest issue at the peace negotiations; December 1898 - Treaty of Paris
Explain the reason for the opposition in the US to overseas empire Debate over annexation of the Philippines; Against big armies, government, and debt; Republican ideals incompatible with imperialism
Discuss John Hay's "Open Door" policy in China No European nation should carve out a sphere of influence in China and exclude other from trading; Despite American claims to the contrary - the other countries did not accept it; Policy opened the potential for later conflict with powers in the Pacific
Created by: mbivone