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final review medterm


approximately how many muscles are in the adult body 600
3 types of muscle tissue skeletal,smooth,cardiac
attatches to bone to permit voluntary movement skeletal muscle
lines the internal organs and is involuntary smooth muscle
found only in the heart cardiac muscle
provide heat,permit movement,hold head and trunk erect,protect blood vessels and nerves, help venous return,and provides padding for internal organs functions of skeletal muscle
moving away from the body abduction
moving towards the midline of the body adduction
skeletal muscles athat straighten out a joint extensors
skeletal muscles that bend joints flexors
example of a flexor muscle bicep
example of an extensor muscle that straightens the elbow tricep
too much stress on a muscle with physical activity can result in a strain
the thickest, strongest tendon in the body achilles tendon
painful inflammation of the tendons and muscle that usually follows a sports related injury tendonitis
chronic musculoskeletal condition that usually causes widesread pain fibromyalgia
main muscle of the upper chest that extends from the sternum to te upper humerus pectoralis major
muscles found inbetween the ribs that assit the diaphragm during inspiration intercostal muscles
muscle that forms the buttocks and supports most of the weight of the body gluteus maximus
muscle of the anterior upper arm bicep
muscle of the posterior upper arm tricep
inflammation of the fascia facitis
weakness or wearing away of body tissue or structure atrophy
band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally adhesion
tenderness or pain in the muscles myalgia
lacking normal muscle tone atonic
excessive tone of the skeletal muscles hypertonic
diminished tone of the skeletal muscles hypotonic
inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement ataxia
permanent tightening of fascia,muscles,tendons,ligaments or skin contracture
a progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement without affecting the nervous system muscular dystrophy
a benign fluid filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist ganglion cyst
injury to a joint that involves a stretched or torn ligament sprain
total paralysis of one side of the body hemiparesis
paralysis from the waist down paraplegia
paralysis of all four extremities quadriplegia
surgical removal of a portion of a muscle myectomy
treatment to prevent disability or restore function using exercise,heat,massage, and other methods physical therapy
Created by: clarevoyant1019



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