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A&P review

MIDTERM REVIEW

QuestionAnswer
THIS CAVITY CAN BE BROKEN UP INTO FOUR QUADRANTS OR NINE REGIONS ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
THE PART OF A STRUCTURE NEAREST TO THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT IS? PROXIMAL
THE PART OF A STRUCTURE THAT IS FARTHER AWAY FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT IS? DISTAL
THE AMOUNT OF THIS ION IN A SOLUTION DETERMINES ITS ACIDITY HYDROGEN (H+)
RANGES FROM 0-14; MEASURES THE DEGREE OF ACIDITY OR ALKALLINITY pH SCALE
A pH LEVEL OF 0-6 IN SUBSTANCES SUCH AS URINE, BLACK COFFEE, STOMACH CONTENTS ARE CONSIDERED ACIDOTIC
A pH LEVEL OF 8-14 IN SUBSTANCES SUCH AS INTESTINAL CONTENT, SOAP,HOUSEHOLD AMMONIA, ARE CONSIDERED ALKALITIC
BLOOD pH 7.35-7.45
COMBINATION OF TWO OR MORE SUBSTANCES THAT CAN BE SEPARATED BY ORDINARY MEANS MIXTURES
COMPOSED OF THREE PARTS A BASE, A SUGAR AND THREE PHOSPHATE GROUPS (ENERGY) ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE (ATP)
MOVEMENT OF A SUBSTANCE FROM AN AREA OF HIGHER CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA OF LOWER CONCENTRATION DIFFUSION
MOVEMENT OF WATER (SOLVENT) FROM AN AREA WITH MORE WATER TO AN AREA WITH LESS WATER OSMOSIS
TAKING IN OR INGESTION OF FOOD OR LIQUID BY THE CELL MEMBRANE ENDOCYTOSIS
SECRETION OF CELLULAR PRODUCTS (e.g., PROTEIN, DEBRIS) OUT OF THE CELL EXOCYTOSIS
MOVEMENT OF WATER AND DISSOLVED SUBSTANCES FROM AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE TO AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE FILTRATION
THE MAKING OF GLUCOSE FROM NONGLUCOSE SOURCES ESPECIALLY PROTEIN; THE BREAK DOWN OF PROTEIN INTO FAT GLUCONEOGENESIS
THIS FORM OF CATABOLISM PRODUCES LARGE AMOUNT OF ATP AEROBIC CATABOLISM (WITH OXYGEN)
CAN BE DESCRIBED AS LOOSE, DENSE FIBROUS,CARTILAGE, BONE, BLOOD AND LYMPH CONNECTIVE TISSUE
A CARBOHYDRATE THAT CAN BE USED AS FUEL FOR ENERGY, STORED AS GLYCOGEN OR FAT GLUCOSE
COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE AND ADIPOSE TISSUE;HELPS INSULATE THE BODY AND ANCHORS THE SKIN TO THE UNDERLYING STRUCTURE SUBCUTANEOUS LAYER OF SKIN
OIL GLANDS THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH HAIR FOLLICLES AND FOUND IN ALL AREAS OF THE BODY THAT HAVE HAIR SEBACEOUS GLANDS
FOUND IN THE AXILLARY AND GENITAL AREAS; RESPONIBLE FOR BODY ODOR;RESPONDS TO EMOTIONAL STRESS AND WHEN A PERSON GETS SEXUALLY EXCITED APOCRINE GLANDS
HAS THREE PARTS THE DENDRITES, THE CELL BODY AND THE SINGLE AXON NEURON
LIQUID INTERCELLULAR MATRIX OF BLOOD THAT CONTAINS NON FIBROUS PROTEINS PLASMA
LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIBS; ITS FUNCTIONS HAS TO DO WITH THE INCREASE AND DECREASE OF THE THORACIC CAVITY (BREATHING) INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES
HELPS MOVE INFORMATION FROM ONE NEURON TO THE NEXT SYNAPSE
THE CEREBRUM, DIENCEPHALON, THE BRAIN STEM AND THE CEREBELLUM THE FOUR MAJOR AREAS OF THE BRAIN
COMPOSED OF THE MIDBRAIN, PONS AND MEDULLA OBLONGATA;LEADS TO THE SPINAL CORD BRAIN STEM
2ND LAYER OF PROTECTION OF THE CNS COMPOSED OF THE PIA MATER, ARACHNOID MATER AND THE DURA MATER MENINGES
CLASSIFIED AS TWO LATERAL AND A THIRD AND A FOURTH THE FOUR VENTRICLES OF THE BRAIN
FORMED IN THE CHOROID PLEXUS; COMPOSED OF WATER GLUCOSE, PROTEIN, SEVERAL IONS, ESPECIALLY Na+ AND Cl CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
THE CNS IS PROTECTED BY BONE, MENEGIES, CEREBROSPINAL FLUID AND BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER
ACTIVATED DURING PERIODS OF STRESS OR TIMES WHEN A PERSON FELLS THREATENED (FIGHT OR FLIGHT); THORACOLUMBAR SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
CRAIOMOST ACTIVE DURING QUIET, NONSTRESSFUL CONDITIONS (FEED OR BREED) PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
INCREASED HR, DILATED PUPILS, CONSTRICTED BLOOD VESSELS,SECRETION OF EPINEPHINE AND NE SYMPATHETIC RESPONSE
DECREASED HR, CONSTRICTED PUPILS, DECREASED BP, PARASYMPATHIC RESPONSE
THORACOLUMBAR; ACTIVATED DURING PERIODS OF STRESS OR TIMES WHEN A PERSON FEELS THREATENED (FIGHT OR FLIGHT) SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
CRANIOSPINAL; MOST ACTIVE DURING QUIET, NONSTRESSFUL CONDITIONS (FEED OR BREED) PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
INCREASED HR, DILATED PUPILS, CONSTRICTED BLOOD VESSELS SYMPATHETIC RESPONSE
DECREASED HR, CONSTRICTED PUPILS, DECREASED BP PARASYMPATHETIC RESPONSE
THIS LOBE HAS TO DO WITH THE MOTOR RESPONSE OF THE EYE FRONTAL LOBE
THE LOBE HAS TO DO WITH THE SENSORY RESPONSE OF THE EYE OCCIPITAL LOBE
THE PNS SECRETE THIS CHOLINERGIC PRE AND POST GANGLIONIC FIBER ACETYLCHOLINE (ACH)`
THIS SYSTEM'S PREGANGLIONIC FIBER IS CHOLINERGIC (ACH) AND ITS POSTGANGLIONIC FIBER IS ADRENERGIC (NE) SYMPATHETIS NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE TWO MAIN TYPES OF ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS OF THE SNS ALPHA AND BETA
THE POSTERIOR CAVITY OF THE EYE IS FILLED WITH THIS GEL-LIKE SUBSTANCE VITREOUS HUMOR
THE ANTERIOR CAVITY OF THE EYE IS FILLED WITH THIS WATERY FLUID AQUEOUS HUMOR
PRODUCED IN THE OUTER EAR; A YELLOWISH WAXY SUBSTANCE KNOWN AS CERUMON
THE MIDDLE EAR CONTAINS THREE TINIEST BONES(IN THE BODY) OR OSSICLES CALLED MALLEUS, INCUS AND STAPES
BONE CONDUCTION TAKES PLACE IN THIS PART OF THE EAR MIDDLE EAR
HAVE DUCTS, OR TINY TUBES IN WHICH SECRETIONS (SUCH AS SWEAT, MUCUS, SALIVA, AND DIGESTIVE ENZYMES) ARE RELEASED BEFORE REACHING THE BODY SURFACE EXOCRINE GLANDS
DUCTLESS GLANDS THAT SECRETE HORMONES, SUCH AS INSULIN, DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOOD ENDOCRINE GLANDS
INCREASED PLASMA LEVELS OF CALCIUM TRIGGERS THIS GLAND TO SECRETE CALCITONIN THYROID GLAND
DECREASED PLASMA LEVELS OF CALCIUM TRIGGER THIS GLAND TO SECRETE PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH) PARATHYROID GLAND
THE THYROID AND PARATHYROID GLANDS CONTROL THIS BY SECRETING CALCITONIN AND PTH BLOOD CALCIUM
SECRETES THEW CATECHOLAMINES EPINEPHRINE AND NE AND IS CONSIDERED AN EXTENTION OF THE SNS ADRENAL MEDULLA
RELEASED BY THE PANCREAS; THE ONLY HORMONE THAT DECREASES SUGAR IN THE BLOOD INSULIN
HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA (EXCESS BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD) CAUSES THE SKIN TO APPEAR YELLOW OR JAUNDICED. THE YELLOW APPEARANCE CAN ALSO BE DISCRIBED AS ICTERUS
HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA IS CAUSED BY HEMOLYSIS OR EXCESSIVE BREAKDOWN OF THIS BLOOD CELL RBC's
BLOOD VESSEL SPASM, PLATELET PLUG AND COAGULATION ARE CHARACTERISTICS OF HEMOSTASIS
AN ADVERSE REACTION OF A PATIENT TAKING COUMADIN OR HEPARIN IS BLEEDING OUT
THIS IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE HEPATIC SYNTHESIS OF PROTHROMBIN VITAMIN K
EXCESS SUGAR IN THE BLOOD HYPERGLYCEMIA
OXYGEN ATTACHES TO THIS PART OF THE RBC HEME
THIS FIBRINOLYTIC AGENT IS ALSO CALLED A CLOT BUSTER TPA (TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR)
THE AMOUNT OF BLOOD PUMPED BY EACH VENTRICLE IN ONE MINUTE; STROKE VOLUME TIMES HEART RATE CARDIAC OUTPUT
THE MIDDLE LAYER OF THE HEART; THE THICKEST OF THE THREE LAYERS; COMPOSED OF CARDIAC MUSCLE MYOCARDIUM
ENDOCARDIUM, MYOCARDIUM, EPICARDIUM THREE LAYERS OF THE HEART
LOCATED BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND VENTRICLES ON EACH SIDE OF THE HEART;HAVE CUSPS OR FLAPS; ALLOW BLOOD TO ENTER THE VENTRICLES AV VALVES
THE PURPOSE OF THIS IS TO KEEP BLOOD FLOWING IN A FORWARD DIRECTION HEART VALVES
LOCATED BETWEEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE AND THE AORTA; RESEMBLES A HALF-MOON; CONTROLS THE OUTFLOW OF BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT AND LEFT VENTRICLES SEMILUNAR VALVES
AN ARTERY THAT MAY BECOME PARTIALLY OCCLUDED BY FATTY PLAQUE (OR BLOOD VESSEL SPASM) IS CALLED A/AN ANGINA
LOCATED IN THE UPPER POSTERIOR WALL OF THE RIGHT ATRIUM; ALSO CALLED THE ACTION POTENTIAL OR THE CARDIAC IMPULSE SA NODE
THE MYOCARDIUM EXPERIENCES OXYGEN DEPRIVATION IF CORONARY BLOOD FLOW DIMINISHES ISCHEMA
SPECIALIZED CONDUCTION TISSUE LOCATED IN THE INTERVENTRICULAR SEPTUM THAT SLOWS THE CARDIAC IMPULSE AS IT MOVES THROUGH THE AV NODE BUNDLE OF HIS
THE RIGHT AND LEFT BRANCHES THAT ARE DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE VENTRICLE MYOCARDIUM PURKINJE FIBERS
RELAXATION OF THE MYOCARDIUM; BLOOD FILLS A CHAMBER AT THIS TIME DIASTOLE
CONTRACTION OF THE MYOCARDIUM; BLOOD PUMPS OUT OF A CHAMBER AT THIS TIME SYSTOLE
A THIN-WALLED CAVITY THAT RECEIVES UNOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR VENA CAVA RIGHT ATRIUM
RECEIVES UNOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT ATRIUM RIGHT VENTRICLE
COLLECTS BLOOD FROM THE HEAD AND UPPER BODY SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
RECEIVES BLOOD FROM THE LOWER PART OF THE BODY INFERIOR VENA CAVA
A THIN-WALLED CAVITY THAT RECEIVES OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE LUNGS THROUGH FOUR PULMONARY VEINS LEFT ATRIUM
RECEIVES OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE LEFT ATRIUM; THE MUSCLE ON THE MYOCARDIUM IS THICKEST HERE LEFT VENTRICLE
THE BLOOD SUPPLY THAT NOURISHES AND OXYGENATES THE MYOCARDIUM IS PROVIDED BY CORONARY ARTERIES
THE AMOUNT OF BLOOD PUMPED BY EACH VENTRICLE PER BEAT STROKE VOLUME
THE NUMBER OF TIME THE HEART BEATS EACH MINUTE HEART RATE
STRENGTHENING THE MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION WITHOUT STRETCHING THE MYOCARDIAL FIBERS INOTROPIC EFFECT
A CHANGE IN THE SPEED AT WHICH THE CARDIAC IMPULSE TRAVELS FROM THE THE SA NODE THROUGH THE AV NODE AND THE HIS-PURKINJE SYSTEM DOMOTROPIC EFFECT
A CHANGE IN HEART RATE CHRONOTROPIC EFFECT
A CHANGE IN MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION THAT IS CAUSED BY STRECTHING STARLING'S LAW
THE PERCENTAGE OF EDV THAT PUMPED IS CALLED EJECTION FRATION
IF THE CONDUCTION SYTEM IS WORKING PROPERLY YOU WILL HAVE A NORMAL SINUS RYTHEM
Created by: nadeira66