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A&P 1

chapter 27 skeletal system

QuestionAnswer
number of bones in adult body 206
number of bones in an infant body 270
made up of the spinal cord, skull, and rib cage and has 80 b0nes axial skeleton
made up of the arms, legs,hands,feet,shoulders,and pelvis and has 126 bones appendicular skeleton
functions of the skeletal system support,protection,shape,muscle attatchment,forms cells,stores calcium
found in spongy areas of skull,ribs,vertebrae,strnum,clavicles and pelvis red marrow
divisions of the spinal column cervical,thoracic,lumbar
long part or shaft of long bone diaphysis
ends of the long bone epiphysis
ling between the diaphysis and epiphysis metaphysis
compression of the median nerve at the wrist that results from repetitive motion carpal tunnel syndrome
caused by a fault in the immune system that causes it to attack the joint membranes rheumatoid arthritis
severe joint pain that usually affects the great toe, occurs more at night gout
lateral deviation of the great toe hallux valgus or bunions
bones in children are more flexible due to increased percentage of cartilage
small bone at the knee patella
aging, faulty metabolism of estrogen,sedentary life style are all causes of primary osteoporosis
lateral curvature of the spine scoliosis
anterior curvature of the lumbar spine lordosis
posterior curvature of the back; humpback kyphosis
complete or incomplete tear in the supporting ligaments of a joint sprain
paritial of imcomplete dislocation or articulating surfaces at joints subluxation
place where two or more boney joints come together articulation
displacent of bones at a joint, articulating joints are no longer in contact dislocation
fracture that results from a severe twisting action spiral
fracture that is driven inward, usually occurs in the skull depressed
painful inflammation of the sac located around the joint bursitis
fracture where the ends of the broken bone are jammed into each other impacted
first seven pairs of ribs in rib cage, attatched to sternum true ribs
last five pairs of ribs, also called floating ribs fale ribs
separate the bones in the spinal column intervertebral cartilage discs
individual bones of the spinal column vertebrae
opening between the vertebrae through which the spinal cord and peripheral nerves go through foraminae
incomplete fracture greenstick
closed fracture not involving the skin simple
open fracture where the bone protrudes through the skin compound
fracture with more than one fracture line and fragments of bone comminuted
mass of foriegn matrial circulating in the blood stream embolus
Created by: clarevoyant1019