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skeletal vocab.

chapter 27 skeletal system vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Outermost layer of the bone, made up of fibrous tissue periosteum
dense,hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the periosteum compact bone
contains little spaces like a sponge and is encased in the layers of compact bone cancellous(spongy) bone
membranous lining of the hollow cavity of the bone endosteum
shaft of the long bones diaphysis
end of each long bone epiphysis
material found in the cavities of bones bone marrow
thick, blood-like material found in flat bones and the ends of long bones red marrow
soft, fatty material found in the medullary cavity of long bones yellow marrow
upper jawbone maxilla
lower jawbone mandible
made of bones called vertebrae through which the spinal cord runs vertebral column
first set of seven bones, forming the neck cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
second set of 12 vertebrae thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12)
third set of 5 larger vertebrae lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5)
next 5 vertebrae that are fused together to form a triangular bone positioned between the hips sacrum
four vertebrae fused together to form the tailbone coccyx
collarbone clavicle
shoulder blade scapula
breastbone sternum
lower portion of the sterum xiphoid process
upper arm bone humerus
lower arm bones ulna and radius
wrist bones carpal bones
hand bones metacarpal bones
finger and toe bones phalanges
made up of three bones fused together pelvic and hip bones
lower,rear portion on which one sits ischium
upper, wing shaped part of each side of the hip ilium
anterior portion of the pelvic bone pubis
large socket in the pelvic bone for the head of the femur acetabulum
upper leg bone femur
lower leg bones tibia and fibula
kneecap patella
ankle bones tarsal bones
heel bone calcaneous
foot bones metatarsal bones
Created by: clarevoyant1019