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Health Informatics 2

Extensible Markup Language (XML) A simplified version of SGML especially designed for web documents, developed by the W3C.
Health Level Seven (HL7) One of several American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs) operating in the healthcare arena. HL7's domain is clinical and administrative data.
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) The common data standard for images in EHRs.
Logical Observations, Identifiers, Names, Codes (LOINC) A clinical term important for laboratory test orders and results, produced by the Regenstrief Institute.
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) A standardized vocabulary system for medical databases. Current modules contain more than 144,000 terms and are available in at least 12 languages; could become the standard vocabulary for speech recognition systems and computer-based patient records.
International Classification of Diseases, 9th ed or 10th ed (ICD-9 or ICD-10) A coding system for medical diagnoses, symptoms, and nonspecific complaints; frequently used on insurance claim forms to identify the reasons for providing medical services.
Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Used for billing the level and complexity of service rendered. Standard was developed, owned and operated by the American Medical Association (AMA) for a fee.
Telecommunications Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) A collection of internet communication protocols between two computers. The TCP protocol is responsible for an error-free connection, while the IP protocol is responsible for the data packets sent over the network.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) The standard set of rules for sending text files across the internet. It requires an HTTP client program at one end and an HTTP server program at the other end.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The language of the web. HTML is a set of tags that are used to define the content, layout and the formatting of a web document. Web browsers use the HTML tags to define how to display the text.
Uniform Resource Locator/Identifier (URL or URI) A web address; the standard way to address web documents (pages) on the internet (e.g., http://www.atsu.edu/)
Representational State Transfer (RESTful) An aggregate description of the functional model of how HTTP allows for the deployment of the WWW over the internet. It can be utilized to provide non-WWW content delivery over any application protocol. REST is an architecture, not a standard.
Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) A standard protocol for letting applications communicate with each other using XML.
Local Area Network (LAN) A network between computers in a local area (like inside a building), usually connected via local cables.
Wide Area Network (WAN) Computers connected together in a wide network, larger than a LAN, usually connected via phone lines.
Virtual Private Network (VPN) A private network between two remote sites, over a secure encrypted virtual internet connection (a tunnel).
Application Programming Interface (API) An interface for letting a program communicate with another program. In web terms: an interface for letting web browsers or web servers communicate with other programs.
Created by: SHM-ATSU