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A & P chpt 14 & 15

endocrine chapter 14

QuestionAnswer
A cone shaped gland located in the brain; secretes melatonin; called the biological clock Pineal gland
THE HYPOTHALAMUS AND THIS GLAND ARE PARTS OF THE HYPOTHALAMIC-HYPOPHYSEAL PORTAL SYSTEM; ALSO CALLED THE ADENOHYPOPHYSIS ANTERIOR PITUATARY GLAND
THE HORMONE SECRETING CELLS OF THE PANCREAS ISLETS OF LANGERHANS
THE ONLY HORMONE THAT LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS; RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO INCREASED BLOOD LEVELS OF GLUCOSE LEVELS, SUCH AS WHAT OCCURS AFTER A MEAL INSULIN
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS THAT INFLUENCE OR CONTROL ACTIVITIES OF OTHER TISSUES AND ORGANS HORMONES
TSH, STIMULATES THE THYROID GLAND THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE
ACTH ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE
(FSH) (LH) GONADOTROPIC HORMONES
GH GROWTH HORMONE
ADH ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
PRL PROLACTIN
GENERALIZED WEAKNESS, MUSCLE ATROPHY, A BRONZING OF THE SKIN, HYPERKALEMIA, AND A SEVERE LOSS OF FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES ADDISON'S DISEASE
TRUNCAL OBESITY, MOON FACE, BUFFALO HUMP, VIRILIZATION, HIRSUTISM CUSHING'S DISEASE
A MELTDOWN OF THE FLESH AND LIMBS INTO THE URINE DIABETIES MELLITUS
LOCATED ACROSS THE ABDOMEN; SECRETES INSULIN AND GLOCOGON PANCREAS
THIS GLAND PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN IMMUNITY AND INVOLUTES, OR SHRINKS AFTER PUBERTY THYMUS GLAND
CONTROLS THE PITUITARY GLAND; CONNECTS TO THE ANTERIOR & POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND THROUGH CAPILLARIES AND NERVES HYPOTHALAMUS
HELPS REGULATE CALCUIM LEVELS IN THE BLOOD; STOPS CALCIUM PRODUCTION IN THE BLOOD CALCITONIN
SECRETES THE HORMONES THAT ARE CONCERNED WITH SUGAR, SALT & SEX ADRENAL CORTEX
SECRETIONS OF THIS GLAND CONTRIBUTE TO FIGHT OR FLIGHT ADRENAL MEDULLA
SECRETES ADH AND OXYTOCIN; ALSO CALLED NEUROHYPOPHYSIS POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
SECRETES THE HORMONES; GH,TSH,PRL,ACTH,FSH AND LN ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
RAPID METABOLISM OF FATTY ACIDS KETOACIDOSIS
SECRETES T3, T4 AND CALCITONIN THYROID GLAND
THIS GLAND RAISES CALCIUM LEVELS PARATHYROID GLAND
IODINE LEVELS STIMULATES ITS ACTIVITY THYROID
PARENT CELL OF ALL BLOOD CELLS STEM CELL
BONE MARROW DEPRESSION MYELOSUPPRESSION
MAJOR CAUSES OF MYELOSUPPRESSION RADIATION, CYTOTOXIC CANCER DRUGS
ERYTHROCYTES; TRANSPORTS OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE RED BLOOD CELLS
THE AMOUNT OF RBC'S AND PLASMA HEMATOCRIT MEASURES
MAIN FUNCTION OF RBC'S TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE
THE LIFE CYCLE OF A RBC 120 DAYS
CAUSED BY THE ELEVATION OF BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD JAUNDICE
THE PROCESS OF DISTROYING DISEASE-PRODUCING MICROORGANISMS, REMOVING DEAD TISSUE AND OTHER CELLULAR DEBRIS; MAIN PURPOSE OF WBC PHAGOCYTOSIS
NEUTROPHILS, EOSINOPHILS, BASOPHILS GRANULOCYTIC WBC'S
LYMPHOCYTES AND MONOCYTES AGRANULOCYTIC WBC'S
RELEASES HEPARIN ALSO CALLED A MAST CELL BASOPHILS
SIDE EFFECT OF TAKING ANTICOAGULANTS SUCH AS HEPARIN AND COUMADIN BLEEDING OUT
HELPS WITH THE SYNTHESIS OF THROMBIN; PRODUCED IN THE LIVER VITAMIN K
BLOCKS THE UTILIZATION OF VITAMIN K IN THE HEPATIC SYNTHESIS OF PROTHROMBIN COUMADIN
UNIVERSAL BLOOD DONOR TYPE O-
UNIVERSAL BLOOD RECIEVER TYPE AB+
BLOOD VESSEL SPASM, THE FORMATION OF A PLATELET PLUG, AND BLOOD CLOTTING HEMOSTASIS
A CLUMPING REACTION MUCH LIKE THE CURDLING SEEN WHEN MILK AND VINEGAR ARE MIXED TOGETHER AGGLUTINATION
DECREASE IN PLATELETS CAUSED BY MYELOSUPPRESSION THROMBOCYTOPENIA
ELIMINATED VIA THE LIVER AND EXCRETED BY BILE BILIRUBIN
AN ENHANCED RESPONSE FOR AN EVEN GREATER CHANGE IN THE SAME DIRECTION "GIVE ME MORE" POSITIVE FEEDBACK
AS BLOOD LEVELS OF CORTISOL INCREASE, THE CORTISOL IN THE BLOOD CHEMICALLY "TELLS" THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND TO SLOW FUTHER PRODUCTION OF ACTH NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
STEROIDS SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX GLUCOCORTICOIDS, MINERALCORTICOIDS, TESTOTERONE
CATECHOLAMINES SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL MEDULLA EPINERPHRINE AND NOREPINEPHRINE
THE HEAT PRODUCING EFFECT OF THE THYROID HORMONES CALORIGENIC EFFECT
GLUCOSE IN THE URINE GLUCOSURIA OR GLYCOSURIA
EXCESSIVE URINATION CAUSED BY GLUCOSURIA POLYURIA
EXCESSIVE THIRST CAUSED BY POLYURIA POLYDIPSIA
EXCESSIVE EATING POLYPHAGIA
PALE YELLOW FLUID COMPOSED MOSTLY OF WATER BUT ALSO CONTAINS IONS, PROTEINS, NUTRIENTS AND WASTE PLASMA
PLASMA MINUS THE CLOTTING PROTEINS SERUM
LEUKOCYTES; PROTECTS THE BODY FROM INFECTION WHITE BLOOD CELLS
THROMBOCYTES; HELP CONTROL BLOOD LOSS FROM INJURED BLOOD VESSELS PLATELETS
THE PROCESS OF BLOOD FORMATION HEMOPOIESIS
IMMATURE RBC; CAN DEVELOPE INTO MATURE RBCs WITHIN 48 HRS OF RELEASE INTO THE BLOOD RETICULOCYTE
LARGE PROTEIN MOLECULE THAT FILLS RBCs HEMOGLOBIN
IRON-CONTAINING SUBSTANCE; OXYGEN ATTACHES LOOSELY TO ITS IRON ATOM HEME
PROTEIN IN RBCs; HOLDS IRON ON ITS CHAINS GLOBIN
TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR (TPA) CLOT BUSTER
A BLOOD TEST THAT MEASURES THE TIME IT TAKES FOR A SAMPLE OF BLOOD TO CLOT PROTHROMBINE TIME (PT)
Created by: nadeira66