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Anatomical Terms130

Anatomical terminology for Anatomy

TermDefinition
Proximal Closer to the center of the body
Distal Farther from the body center.
Medial Closer to the Midline
Lateral Farther from the Midline
Superior Higher
Inferior Lower
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Dorsal Back
Ventral Front
Cranial Towards the Head
Caudal Towards the tail
Ipsilateral Same side of the body
Contralateral Opposite side of the body
Superficial Closer to the outermost layer
Deep Closest to the innermost layer
Sulcus Groove
Fissure Deep Groove
Foramen Hole
Fossa Surface of Depression
Meatus A Natural body opening/canal
Process Structure that protrudes from the originating surface
Condyle Articular surface in a joint where bones connect.
Epicondyle Area surrounding the condyle's
Facet Surface
Head Specialized portion of the top of a bone
Crest Peak of a ridge on a bony structure
Line A line.
Trochanter Swollen portion of the bone (Bigger than a tuberosity)
Tuberosity Large raised portion of a bone
Tubercle Small raised portion of a bone.
Short Bones Bones that are approximately as long as they are wide.
Long bones Think femur
Flat Bones Flat bones, usually used for protecting and what not.
Irregular bones Don't fight the short, long and flat bones.
Sesamoid bones Bones embedded within a tendon.
Sagittal plane A plane that divides the body to form a right and left side.
Midsagittal plane A plane that evenly divides the the body to form a right and left side. Also known as a Median
Coronal plane Divides the body to form a front and back side. (Also known a the frontal plane)
Parasagittal plane Divides the body to form a left and right side but not evenly , parallel to the sagittal plane
Transverse plane Divides the body to form superior and inferior parts.
Oblique plane Any cut that isn't parallel to any of the other planes.
Created by: asiankidagain